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19 декабря 1944

День рождения А.А. Вертинской

Приступила к исполнению обязанностей советская военная администрация территории Поркалла-Уд, арендованной у Финляндии под военную базу.

Greg Silvermaster hands over Top Secret Material 19 December 1944 (Release 3)
Information from Silvermaster and Robert Soble 19 December 1944 (Release 3)
The KGB chief in San Francisco is going to Los Angeles and Mexico City 19 December 1944 (Release 4)
Reissue of: Preparation for a conference 19 December 1944 (Release 5)

Постановление ГКО
№ 7165 О мерах по обеспечению топливом куйбышевских электростанций. РГАНИР, Фонд ГКО, д. 345, лл. 18.
№ 7166 О мероприятиях по обеспечению мазутом заводов Наркомвооружения. РГАНИР, Фонд ГКО, д. 345, лл. 19-21.
№ 7167 О плане выработки и распределения электроэнергии с 17 по 31 декабря 1944 г. по Сталинградской энергосистеме.
Распоряжение ГКО
№ 7168. Об отгрузке 15 автомашин ЗИС-42 для комбината „Москвауголь“ в декабре 1944 г. РГАНИР, Фонд ГКО, д. 345, лл. 27.
№ 7169 [О выделении НКВД импортного медицинского оборудования и медикаментов в IV кв. 1944 г. и I кв. 1945 г.].
№ 7170 [О поставке дров Куйбышевской железной дороге.].
№ 7171. О снабжении продуктами питания членов семей и детей работников предприятий НКБ. РГАНИР, Фонд ГКО, д. 345, лл. 34,35.
№ 7172. Об отпуске отремонтированной обуви заводу № 56 НКБ. РГАНИР, Фонд ГКО, д. 345, лл. 36.
№ 7173. О поставках крупы для рабочих заводов НКВ в декабре 1944 г. РГАНИР, Фонд ГКО, д. 345, лл. 37.

Обыдёнка ВМФ

На совещании у Эйзенхауэра в Вердене 19 декабря было решено сосредоточить все усилия на срыве контрнаступления германцев в Арденнах, спешно подготовить и осуществить контрудары по флангам.

В донесении главнокомандующего союзными экспедиционными силами в Европе военному министру США от 19 декабря 1944 г. говорилось: “Большая часть полосы обороны 3-й армии Паттона передается Деверсу. Паттону поставлена задача рокировать 6 дивизий на север и предпринять мощный контрудар 23 или 24 декабря.”

19 декабря 1944 командование приказало выделить 101 десантную дивизию и 10 ТД из 3А и передвинуть на север в Арденны для боёв в Бастони

  Введено в действие приказом Главкома ВВС КА А.А.Новикова «Наставление по боевым действиям штурмовой авиации» (НША-44), которое требовало от каждого лётчика постоянно сохранять своё место в боевом порядке группы, а выход из него без уважительных причин рассматривался как преступление.
  Директива начштаба ВВС об изучении наставлений по боевым действиям НША-44, НБА-44, НИА-45 и НРА-44.

  19 декабря 1944 ГИ завода № 289 Иванов утвердил акт о том, что Су-7 М-82Г построен согласно чертежам и ТУ КО завода, принят ОТК и годен для производства заводских испытаний. Подписали: Нач. ОТК, ви, нач. цеха.
  19 декабря 1944 заводской летчик-испытатель Г.И.Комаров выполнил на Су-7 рулёжку и подтвердил готовность самолёта к летным испытаниям.

  Су-7 с АШ-82ФМ 2ТК-3 и РД-1, высотный перехватчик, свободнонесущий моноплан деревянной конструкции, с низкорасположенным крылом, нормальным оперением и убирающимся шасси.
  На самолёте были установлены две пушки ШВАК 20 мм с суммарным боезапасом в 300 патронов.
  Ergo, пригоден ворон пугать.

Подтверждение рейсмаршала Геринга, давшего „добро“ на образование авиации РОА (Luftwaffe der ROA). Ашенбреннер сумел добиться разрешения Геринга призвать всех желающих из числа русских, уже служивших в немецких частях (такие группы имелись в 1, 4, 6 и 10-м авиакомандованиях Люфтваффе, Воздушном флоте “Рейх” и зенитных частях).
Tuesday, 19 December 1944


At dawn on 19 December, Peiper surprised the American defenders of Stoumont by sending infantry from the 2nd SS Panzergrenadier Regiment in an attack and a company of Fallschirmjäger to infiltrate their lines. He followed this with a Panzer attack, gaining the eastern edge of the town. An American tank battalion arrived but, after a two-hour tank battle, Peiper finally captured Stoumont at 10:30. Knittel joined up with Peiper and reported the Americans had recaptured Stavelot to their east. Peiper ordered Knittel to retake Stavelot. Assessing his own situation, he determined that his Kampfgruppe did not have sufficient fuel to cross the bridge west of Stoumont and continue his advance. He maintained his lines west of Stoumont for a while, until the evening of 19 December when he withdrew them to the village edge. On the same evening the U.S. 82nd Airborne Division under Maj. Gen. James Gavin arrived and deployed at La Gleize and along Peiper’s planned route of advance. German efforts to reinforce Peiper were unsuccessful. Kampfgruppe Hansen was still struggling against bad road conditions and stiff American resistance on the southern route. Schnellgruppe Knittel was forced to disengage from the heights around Stavelot. Kampfgruppe Sandig, which had been ordered to take Stavelot, launched another attack without success. Sixth Panzer Army commander SS-Oberstgruppenführer Sepp Dietrich ordered Hermann Prieß, commanding officer of the I SS Panzer Corps, to increase its efforts to back Peiper's Kampfgruppe, but Prieß was unable to break through.

Small units of the U.S. 2nd Battalion of the 119th Regiment attacked the dispersed units of Kampfgruppe Peiper during the morning of 21 December, but were pushed back and a number captured, including their battalion commander, Maj. Hal McCown. Peiper learned that German reinforcements were to be concentrated in La Gleize and withdrew his forces eastward, leaving wounded Americans and Germans in the Froidcourt castle (fr). Attempting to withdraw from Cheneux, American paratroopers from the 82nd Airborne Division engaged the Germans in fierce house-to-house fighting. The Americans shelled Kampfgruppe Peiper on 22 December, and although the Germans had run out of food and had virtually no fuel, they continued to fight. A Luftwaffe resupply mission went badly when SS-Brigadeführer Wilhelm Mohnke insisted the grid coordinates supplied by Peiper were wrong, parachuting supplies into American hands in Stoumont.
the 101st Airborne Division (reinforced by elements from the 9th and 10th Armored Divisions) to reach Bastogne by truck on the morning of 19 December. The fierce defense of Bastogne, in which American paratroopers particularly distinguished themselves, made it impossible for the Germans to take the town with its important road junctions.
Screaming Eagles of 506th PIR arrive in Bastogne

Liveblogging World War II: December 19, 1944: Siege of Bastogne

In Czechoslovakia, Soviet troops are closing in on the Slovakian railroad junction of Kosice.
Soviet 2nd Ukrainian Front attacking north of Budapest. Soviet 3rd Ukrainian Front attacking south of Budapest
German 6th Panzer Army attacking US 1st Army around Malmedy, Stavelot, and Stoumont
Isolated and unsupplied in the Schnee Eifel, 422nd Regiment and 423rd Regiment of US 106th Infantry Division and attached units surrender, amounting to approximately 8000 POWs
German 5th Panzer Army has Bastogne mostly surrounded. US 101st Airborne Division deploys to defend Bastogne
US 9th Air Force bombers grounded by poor weather

At 5:00 p.m. on 19 December Field-Marshal Montgomery telephoned General Crerar. The German penetration of the First United States Army's front, he said, was “deep and, potentially, serious”. Consequently, he had decided “to make immediate re-dispositions in 21 Army Group, in order to secure its right flank”. That same evening the 30th British Corps was to move from Boxtel to Hasselt, 15 miles west of the Meuse, and come under the command of Second British Army. The 51st (Highland) Division would remain under Crerar, but would be kept ready for speedy transfer to the Second Army. Ten minutes after this conversation Crerar issued the necessary instructions to carry out Montgomery's orders.79 In effect, all plans for launching “VERITABLE” about 1 January were temporarily shelved.

Eisenhower orders halt to offensive operations along the Rhine in order to concentrate on defeating German Ardennes offensive
From SHAEF… At a meeting of senior Allied commanders, Eisenhower decides to appoint Field Marshal Montgomery, commanding British 21st Army Group, to lead all Allied forces to the north of “the Bulge” in the line created by the German attack. General Bradley, commanding US 12th Army Group, is responsible for all Allied forces to the south. The arrangement is not made public at this time.
SHAEF orders the 101st Airborne Division as well as the 10th Armored Division to be detached from 3rd Army and moved north to support the US forces under attack in the Ardennes, particularly to aid the 28th Infantry Division in its defense of the vital road junction of Bastogne.
***
US 3rd Army regrouping and abandoning some positions in order to pivot against southern flank of the Ardennes salient
British 2nd Army begins deploying 30th Corps to defend the Meuse River

British 8th Army attacking from Naviglio Canal bridgehead overnight
US 12th Air Force bombers grounded by poor weather
USN destroyer Niblack bombards German positions near French border

Norway U-737 sunk in accidental collision with depot ship MRS-25
French submarine Rubis conducts minelaying operations along Norwegian coast

US 8th Air Force attacks Ehrgang with 82 bombers, Koblenz with 24 bombers, tactical targets in the Ardennes with 206 bombers using blind-bombing equipment
US 15th Air Force attacks Blechhammer and transportation targets, Moravska-Ostrava, Sopron
 Mission #153 19 December 1944 Target: Blechhammer South Oil Refinery, Germany

RAF Bomber Command sends 32 aircraft to attack Trier during the day, 12 aircraft on minelaying operations overnight
18/19 December 1944 236 Lancasters of No 5 Group attacked the distant port of Gdynia on the Baltic coast and caused damage to shipping, installations and housing in the port area. 4 Lancasters lost.
40 Mosquitos to Nuremberg and 16 to Münster, 34 RCM sorties, 11 Mosquito patrols, 14 Lancasters of No 5 Group minelaying in Danzig Bay. 1 Mosquito Intruder lost.
19 December 1944 32 Lancasters of No 3 Group carried out a G-H raid on the railway yards in Trier behind the front on which the Germans were attacking in the Ardennes. No Lancasters lost.

German V-2 rocket hit Chelmsford, Essex, England, United Kingdom at 0130 hours. The war factory was hit, killing 39 and seriously injuring 33.
One V-2 rocket launch against Antwerp

Convoy HX 327 departs New York City for Liverpool. Convoy UGS 64 departs Hampton Roads for Gibraltar. Allied convoy RA-62 arrived at Loch Ewe, Scotland, United Kingdom.

South China Sea IJN aircraft carrier Unryu sunk by USN submarine Redfish. Japanese vessel Shinfuku Maru sunk by USN PB4Y aircraft
Unryu was hit by a torpedo from USS Redfish about 200 kilometers southeast of Shanghai, China, which rendered her dead in the water and afire. At 1650 hours, just as some power was restored, USS Redfish hit her again at 1650 hours, igniting aviation gas and sank within seven minutes. 1,241 were killed (including commanding officer Captain Konishi Kaname); 147 survived and were rescued by destroyer Shigure.

Hong Kong Japanese vessel Hida Maru sunk by US 14th Air Force aircraft

US 7th Air Force attacks Iwo Jima with 52 B-24 bombers and then 14 fighters
Japan US 20th Air Force attacks Omura with 17 B-29 bombers flying from Chengtu, with two lost
Mariana Islands USAAF 505th Very Heavy Bombardment Group B-29 bombers arrive Tinian Island from the US

Kuril Islands Japanese vessel No. 3 Hiroshi Maru sunk by US aircraft

Burma Indian 19th Infantry Division of British 14th Army captures Wunthe. British 2nd Infantry Division of British 14th Army crossing the Chindwin River at Kalewa. US 10th Air Force attacks transportation targets around Mongmit, Kyaukme, and Hsenwi with 12 bombers, Japanese positions, supply depots, and transportation lines around Onmaka, Hsoplong, Myadaung, Tantabin, Twinnge, Nyaugbinth, and Humon with 60 fighters
RN Task Force 64 with destroyers Napier and Nepal and supporting warships bombards Japanese positions along the Arakan coast in support of 15th Corps operations
William Slim completed a two-day meeting with Montagu Stopford and Frank Messervy regarding Operation Extended Capital. Meanwhile, in the field, Indian 2nd Division relieved Indian 20th Division and began marching for Shwebo, Burma 40 miles northwest of Mandalay. Finally, Indian 19th Division captured Wuntho en route to Pinlebu and Pinbon, Burma.

China US 20th Air Force attacks Shanghai, an alternate target, with 13 B-29 bombers flying from Chengtu. US 14th Air Force attacks Pengpu with 16 B-24 bombers escorted by 24 fighters

US 6th Army attacking around Lonoy, Libongao, and Palompon on Leyte Island
Japanese end attempts to send reinforcements and supplies to 35th Army on Leyte Island

USS Sunfish arrived at Majuro, Marshall Islands, ending her ninth war patrol.

A Soviet state commission investigating German atrocities in Lithuania reports that more than 300,000 civilians and about 165,000 prisoners of war were killed in the area.

Chester Nimitz was promoted to the rank of fleet admiral.

Прозаседавшие

Home front. Thick fog all day.

19. Dezember 1944
18./19.12.1944 Luftkrieg Deutschland Die Gruppe No.5 des RAF Bomber Command greift mit 236 Flugzeugen Gotenhafen an und wirft 824 t Bomben ab: Schulschiff Schleswig-Holstein, Zielschiff Zähringen, Torpedoboot T 10, U-Boot-Begleitschiff Waldemar Kophamel, Netzleger Gemma, das Walfangmutterschiff Unitas (21.846 BRT) sowie die Frachter Warthe (4922 BRT), Heinz Horn (3994 BRT), Theresia L. M. Russ (1694 BRT), Leverkusen (1273 BRT) und Trude Schünemann (1260 BRT) werden versenkt. Auch wichtige Hafenbetriebseinrichtungen (Docks, Hebepontons) werden zerstört oder beschädigt. 4 Flugzeuge gehen durch Flakabwehr verloren.

Norwegen Auf eine Sperre, die von dem franz. U-Boot Rubis (KKpt. Rousselot) am 19.12. in der Feiestein-Rinne ausgebracht worden ist, laufen aus einem dt. Geleit (mit 5 Schiffe, 1 U-Boot und 6 Sicherungs-Fahrzeugen) der Dampfer Weichselland (ex-lett. Gundega, 3654 BRT), die U-Jäger UJ 1113 (ex KUJ 7), UJ 1116 (ex KUJ 11), UJ 1702 (ex KUJ 16) sowie das Räumboot R 402 auf Minen und sinken (Umstände der Versenkung blieben ungeklärt). Letzte Unternehmung dieses erfolgreichsten Minen-U-Bootes des Zweiten Weltkrieges, das insgesamt 15 Schiffe mit 25.770 BRT und 8 kleine Kriegsschiffe versenkt hat. — Zwei weiter U-Boote patrouillieren vor Norwegen: das norw. Utsira (Lt. Valvatne) verfehlt ein auf Grund einer vorzeitigen Detonation des Torpedos ein feindliches U-Boot, und Venturer bleibt ohne Erfolg.

Ro-113 (Oblt.z.S. Harada) greift aber am 17./18. und 18./19.12. vor Madras 2 Schiffe an, die knapp ausweichen.

In Addis Abeba wird ein Vertrag zwischen Großbritannien und Äthiopien unterzeichnet. Darin sagt Großbritannien dem afrikanischen Land materielle Hilfe zu und erkennt seine Unabhängigkeit an. Äthiopien verpflichtet sich, den Alliierten die Benutzung der Eisenbahn Addis Abeba-Dschibuti zu gestatten.

Aus London kommen neue Meldungen über Rudolf Heß, den ehemaligen Stellvertreter des deutschen Führers und Reichskanzlers Adolf Hitler, der 1941 als selbsternannter Friedensbote nach Großbritannien geflogen war und seitdem dort interniert ist. Der Geisteszustand von Heß soll sich in letzter Zeit stark verschlechtert haben, er leidet an Neurosen und Verfolgungswahn.


Der unter der Regie von Heinz Rühmann gedrehte deutsche Spielfilm “Der Engel mit dem Saitenspiel” mit Hertha Feiler, Susanne von Almassy und Hans Nielsen wird in Berlin uraufgeführt.
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