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26 декабря 1944

1284-й день

  Будапештская операция. 26 декабря 6-я гв. ТА и 7-я гв. А 2-го УФ, продвигаясь на юг, подошли к Дунаю севернее Эстергома и соединились с войсками 3-го УФ, вышедшими в этот день к Эстергому с юга.
  46-я А 3-го УФ образовала внутренний фронт окружения, 4-я гв. А и 5-й гв. кавкорпус 26 декабря вышли на рубеж Тарян–вост. Замоя–ю.-з. Секешфехервара и создали на удалении 30–45 километров внешний фронт окружения.

  Совинформбюро. В течение 26 декабря на территории ВЕНГРИИ, севернее города ДЬЕНДЬЕШ, наши войска овладели городом и железнодорожной станцией ШАЛГО-ТАРЬЯН…

26.12.1944 в Венгрии впервые против советских войск задействован корпус СС из русских казаков.

Лично и секретно от премьера И.В. Сталина президенту г-ну Ф. Рузвельту. 26 декабря 1944 года.
[О процедуре согласования Совета Безопасности ООН.]


  «Надеюсь, что Вы оцените всю важность изложенных выше соображений в пользу принципа единогласия решений четырех ведущих держав и что мы найдем согласованное решение этого вопроса, как и некоторых других вопросов, остающихся еще не решенными. На основе такого согласованного решения наши представители могли бы разработать полный проект по этому вопросу и обсудить мероприятия, необходимые для скорого созыва общей конференции Объединенных Наций».

Earl Browder, the Illegal ALBERT, and others 26 December 1944 (Release 3)
Greg Silvermaster hands over Top Secret report 26 December 1944 (Release 3)
Reissue: Informs “VALENTIN” of transfer of funds to be passed to “MARR” 26 December 1944 (Release 5)

Распоряжение ГКО № 7208. О досрочном освобождении и направлении на заводы НКАП 6 тыс. осуждённых за самовольный уход с предприятий и бытовые преступления. РГАНИР, Фонд ГКО, д. 345, лл. 130.

Указания штаба артиллерии 2-го Белорусского фронта по подготовке артиллерии фронта к наступательной операции (26 декабря 1944 г.)
  «Для проведения операции армиям отпускается от 2,75 до 4 бк боеприпасов разных калибров».
  [Наконец-то чуть больше, чем ничего. Но это Рокоссовски. Всё та же бессмысленная и какбе бес-пощадная боротьба с разгильдяйством и пох*мом в исполнении уставных обязанностей. Поп-олнение, очевидно, прибывает в больших объёмах рядовым необученным.]

Инструкция наземным войскам по обозначению переднего края и целеуказания своей авиации (26 декабря 1944 г.)
  «Личный состав ракетных постов должен хорошо знать силуэты своих самолётов, в особенности штурмовиков Ил-2 и бомбардировщиков «Бостон»».

ПРИКАЗ № 0409 ОБ ОРГАНИЗАЦИИ ПРИЕМА И ДОСТАВКИ ПОСЫЛОК ОТ КРАСНОАРМЕЙЦЕВ, СЕРЖАНТОВ, ОФИЦЕРОВ И ГЕНЕРАЛОВ ДЕЙСТВУЮЩИХ ФРОНТОВ В ТЫЛ СТРАНЫ

  26 декабря 1944 решением Государственной комиссии серийное производство Ил-10 было возобновлено, но темпы его производства на плановый уровень так и не вышли.
  За 1944 г. завод № 1 сдал 56 Ил-10, № 18 — 43. Собрано было значительно больше — 212 машин, но многие из них требовали доделок.

  Справка по самолету Ер-2 на утро 26 декабря 1944 года.
Всего сдано по сборке 146 самолётов.
Всего сдано по бою 106 самолётов.

Отправлено с завода 61 самолёт
в том числе:
в частях ВВС 40, из них: 2 в Остафьево, 1 в Челябинской школе, 1 в НИИ ВВС,
в ЛИИ НКАП 1, на заводе № 134 1,
на заводе № 456 7: 2 готовы к отлёту, ждут погоды, 2 будут готовы к отпр. 27 декабря, 3 в отработке бригады з-да 500, будут готовы к отправке 29 декабря.
в пути по ж.д. 5       
в пути лётом 6 из них: 2 в Красноярске (на 1 меняется мотор, на 2-м проверяется система подъёма и выпуска шасси), 2 в Новосибирске — исправ. ,1 в Янауле — меняется мотор, 1 в Казани — ремонтируется после посадки с убранным шасси.

Списан в результате катастрофы в июле т.г. в Остафьево 1 самолёт.

Остаток на аэродроме завода № 39 — 85       
в том числе:
готовых к бою 45
не оформленных по бою 40       

Готовые к бою находятся в следующем состоянии:
Приняты экипажами, ожидают погоды 8
Имеют налёт более 3-х часов, ожидают экипажей 9       
Имеют нормальный налёт, ожидают экипажей для производства 4-х часового налёта 13       
Без мотора 1
В окраске 3
На замене гидросистемы шасси 1
Подготовлены к отправке по ж.д. 10

Неоформленные по бою находятся в следующем состоянии:
Подготовлены к облёту, ожидают погоды         19 (10 со старыми и 9 с        новыми фонарями)
В подготовке к облёту 6       
Не облётываются, т.к. на них установлены некондиц. моторы завода № 45 15

  С 26 декабря 1944 по 21 января 1945 проходили гос. испытания Ли-2ВП № 18416602 с доработанными внутренними бомбодержателями. Ви и-п В.Я.Магон, вл п/п В.И.Жданов в заключении отметили, что самолёт не м.б. эталоном нб вследствие перетяжеления конструкции и дефектов, но бомбардировочное вооружение рекомендовали к установке на серийные машины.
***

Field-Marshal Montgomery expected the enemy to make “nasty faces” and “diversionary ‘jabs’” but did not anticipate serious attacks against the Canadian Army or the Second Army’s left sector

On 26 December Schwalbe sent a signal to his divisions stating that intercepted Allied air force messages indicated that we had observed the German troop concentrations at Gorinchem and south of it; we were “now aware of the massing of troops north of the Maas”. He had already told them that “an order to launch the attack was not to be expected at the moment”; and a new operation order issued on the 25th noted that it would “presumably” not be launched before the 30th.
With surprise lost, the operation must have looked much less attractive. On the 26th it received its death-blow.
Tuesday, 26 December 1944
Soviet 2nd Ukrainian Front attacking into Pest. Soviet 3rd Ukrainian Front spearheads reach 2nd Ukrainian Front, completing encirclement of German forces in Budapest
In Hungary, the advancing Soviet 3rd Ukrainian Front has nearly encircled Budapest. Several of the western suburbs are claimed to have been captured by the Soviets. Hitler orders German divisions in Budapest to stand firm and hold the fortress

Churchill arrives in Athens to broker peace

British Prime Minister Churchill opens the mediation conference with a brief speech. All Greek political parties, including the Communists, attend in an effort to end the Greek civil war.

US 9th Army mops up Obermaubach

German 6th Panzer Army unable to make forward progress along northern flank. German 5th Panzer Army spearheads stalled around Celles. US 3rd Army breaks through German 5th Panzer Army and reaches 101st Airborne Division, isolated in Bastogne. USAAF 9th Troop Carrier Command conducts supply mission to Bastogne with gliders
26 December, the spearhead of Gen. Patton’s 4th Armored Division broke through and opened a corridor to Bastogne. At 16:50 on 26 December, the lead element, Company D, 37th Tank Battalion of the 4th Armored Division, reached Bastogne, ending the siege.
The first US tank which arrived in Bastogne is this M4A3E2 assault Sherman tank
named ‘Cobra King’ of 4th Armoured Division.

The US 4th Armored Division (an element of US 3rd Army) relieves the American forces in Bastogne. Meanwhile, British Bomber Command makes a daylight raid on the German held transportation hub of St. Vith. The Allies claim to have captured 13,273 German prisoners while the Germans claim over 30,000 Allied POWs and the destruction of 700 American tanks.

German 14th Army counterattacks US 5th Army in the Serchio valley, pushing back 92nd Infantry Division
Two Italian divisions and three German battalions launched an offensive in Toscana, Italy, capturing several towns and villages. On the same day, 19th Infantry Brigade of Indian 8th Infantry Division began to arrive in the region.
The British 8th Army now hold a 17 mile frontage on the east bank of the Senio River from Alfonsine to south of Castel Bolognese.

24. Tacoma near Cortina d’Ampezzo Dec. 26, 1944

Baltic Sea U-2342 sunk by mine
Norway German vessel Biwi sunk by Free Norwegian MTBs in Norwegian waters
English Channel RN destroyer escort Capel sunk by U-486. RN destroyer escort Affleck damaged by U-486 and subsequently written off

US 8th Air Force attacks transportation targets with 138 bombers and 249 fighters. USAAF fighters claim 63 Luftwaffe aircraft downed
(Eighth Air Force): 2 missions are flown. Mission 762: Poor weather inhibits operations but 151 bombers and 336 fighters are dispatched to hit rail targets behind the Bulge; they claim 11-0-1 Luftwaffe aircraft; 2 fighters are lost:
1. 74 B-17s are sent to hit the railroad bridge at Neuwied (23) and the Andernach marshalling yard (9); secondary targets hit are the marshalling yard at Neuwied (12) and communications center at Sinzig (12); 1 B-17 hits a target of opportunity, the communication center at Mayen; they claim 0-0-1 aircraft; 30 B-17s are damaged.
2. 77 B-24s are dispatched to hit the marshalling yard at Niederlahnstein (36) and the rail bridge at Sinzig (35) without loss.
3. The bombers are escorted by 249 P-47s and P-51s; they claim 11-0-0 aircraft without loss. 4. 70 of 73 P-51s make a sweep in the Bonn area to support the bombers; they claim 3-0-0 aircraft; 2 P-51s are lost (pilots MIA) and 1 damaged beyond repair. 5. 2 of 2 P-51s fly a scouting mission without loss. Mission 763: 3 B-17s and 6 B-24s drop leaflets in the Netherlands and Germany during the night.
US 15th Air Force attacks Blechhamer and Odertal, Auschwitz
(Fifteenth Air Force):Around 380 B-24s and B-17s bomb Odertal, and Blechhammer S, Germany, and Auschwitz, Poland oil refineries, a railroad bridge at Ora and viaduct at Avisio, Italy, plus scattered targets of opportunity; 26 P-38s bomb railroad bridge at Latisana, Italy; P-38s and P-51s escort the bomber missions.

RAF Bomber Command makes devastating daylight attack on German motor transportation and troop concentrations at St Vith.

RAF Bomber Command sends 294 aircraft to attack German positions around St Vith during the day

26 December 1944 The weather at last improved and allowed Bomber Command to intervene in the Ardennes battle. 294 aircraft – 146 Lancasters, 136 Halifaxes, 12 Mosquitos – of all the bomber groups (not No 100 Group) attacked German troop positions near St Vith. This was the first time since mid-October that aircraft from all the bomber groups had joined together in one raid. The bombing appeared to be concentrated and accurate. 2 Halifaxes lost.
1 Halifax flew a signals patrol.

Two V-2 rocket launches against England
German V-2 rocket hit Islington, London, at 21:26 hours, killing 68 and seriously injuring 99. The rocket left two craters, one 40 feet wide and 12 feet deep, the other 10 feet wide and 4 feet deep.
Thirteen V-2 rocket launches against Antwerp

Convoy MKS 73 departs Gibraltar for Liverpool. Convoy CU 52 departs New York City for Liverpool

US 7th Air Force attacks Iwo Jima with 13 B-24 bombers

Burma William Slim transferred 19th Division and 268th Armored Brigade from the Indian 4th Corps to the Indian 33rd Corps to hide from Japanese intelligence the fact that the 4th Corps was about to secretly move through the Gangaw Valley along the Myittha River for Meiktila, Burma. A fake 4th Corps headquarters was also to be set up at Tamu.
In the Arakan, Japanese forces complete withdrawal from Akyab peninsula
US 10th Air Force attacks Japanese positions, transportation lines, and depots around Taunggon, Padan, Kyaukhlebein, Panghai, Mongyu, Na-hsang, Man Om, Hpa-lin, and elsewhere

China US 14th Air Force attacks shipping, transportation lines, depots, and other targets throughout southern China. Fighters claim 30 Japanese aircraft destroyed on the ground at Sinsiang airfield
Wedemeyer submits plan for counter-offensive to capture Kweilin, Liuchow, and Canton

US 8th Army clearing northwestern sector of Leyte Island
IJN force with heavy cruiser Ashigara, light cruiser Oyoda, three destroyers, and three destroyer escorts bombards US beachhead on Mindoro Island. Japanese naval force arriving from Indochina bombards the American beachhead on Mindoro. The force consists of 2 cruisers and 6 destroyers. An American PT Boat sinks one of the destroyers. This is the last sortie by a Japanese naval force in the Philippines. USAAF and USN aircraft attack IJN bombardment force off Mindoro, damaging all of them except one escort. USN PT-77 damaged while attacking IJN bombardment force. IJN destroyer Kiyoshimo sunk by USN PT-223. USN vessel James H. Breasted damaged by shellfire and friendly aircraft, set ablaze, and subsequently written off

Bonin Islands IJN auxiliary sub chaser No. 7 Kyo Maru sunk by USN destroyer Fanning
Thailand US 14th Air Force bombers attack Lampang
East Indies US FEAF aircraft attack targets on Borneo, Halmahera Island, and Celebes Island. Japanese vessel No. 104 Nanyo Maru sunk by USAAF aircraft off Boeroe Island

USS Wasp arrived at Ulithi, Caroline Islands.
USS Segundo sailed through rough seas with crests up to 40 feet. A particularly large wave crashed over the submarine unexpectedly, and the great amount of water that got in damaged both master and auxiliary compasses.
William Donovan departs from US for France, Italy, Egypt, and Asia
Ceylon General Browning takes up apppointment as chief of staff to Mountbatten's South-East Asia Command

CAPEL (1,150t, 16/8/43), sunk by U-boat torpedo off Cherbourg, NW France, December 26, 1944
Tuesday, December 26, 1944
While part of the 1st Escort Group the frigate HMS Affleck (K 462) was torpedoed and damaged beyond repair by the U-486, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Gerhard Meyer, off Cherbourg, France in the English Channel. Of the ship’s complement, 7 died.
While part of the 1st Escort Group the frigate HMS Capel (K 470) was torpedoed and sunk by the U-486, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Gerhard Meyer, off Cherbourg, France in the English Channel. Of the ship’s complement, 76 died and the survivors were picked up by American motor torpedo boats.
The 417 ton Soviet motor fishing vessel RT-52 Som was torpedoed and sunk by the U-995, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Hans-Georg Hess, off Cape Svyatoy Nos in the Barents Sea in the Atlantic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 31 died and the one survivor was taken prisoner by the U-boat.

HMS Affleck (RN) The Captain-class frigate was torpedoed and damaged in the English Channel 10 nautical miles (19 km) off Cherbourg, Manche, France by U-486 (Kriegsmarine). She was towed to Cherbourg but was declared a constructive total loss.
HMS Capel (RN) The Captain-class frigate was torpedoed and sunk in the English Channel 10 nautical miles (19 km) north east of Cherbourg (49°50′N 1°41′W) by U-486 (Kriegsmarine) with the loss of 76 of her 156 crew.
Biwi (Germany) The coaster was torpedoed and sunk off Olskjær, Norway by MTB 627 and MTB 717 (both  Royal Norwegian Navy). Raised post-war, repaired and entered Swedish service as Servus.
 James H. Breasted (US) The Liberty ship was sunk in the Philippine Sea at Mindoro, Philippines by Japanese aircraft.
Kiyoshimo (Imperial Japanese Navy) The Yūgumo-class destroyer was bombed and damaged by two hits by US Army bombers off Mindoro, and then torpedoed and sunk later by PT-223 (US Navy) 145 miles south of Manila (12°20′N 121°00′E). 82 Crewmen killed, 74 wounded. 169 survivors, including her C.O. and ComDesDiv2, were rescued by Asashimo (Imperial Japanese Navy) and five by USN PT boats.
RT-52 Som (SU) The fishing vessel was torpedoed and sunk in the Barents Sea off Cape Svyatoy Nos by U-995 (Kriegsmarine) with the loss of 31 of her 32 crew. The survivor was taken on board U-995 as a prisoner of war.
U-2342 (Kriegsmarine) The Type XXIII submarine struck a mine and sank in the Baltic Sea north of Swinemünde, Pomerania (54°01′08″N 14°15′20″E) with the loss of seven crew. The wreck was dispersed in 1954.

Racial tensions within the US military boil over into the Agana race riot on Guam

Home front : Thick fog, and a very heavy hoar-frost.  Glorious scene from the window – like fine snow everywhere, all the trees in the wood thickly coated, all the telegraph wires, roof ridges, everything.  The dull brazen sun was shining through the mists.  ‘Planes began to go out, and then I slept again until 10.30, much too late.  This morning sleeping is a vile habit, one which I must break when I get to Wisbech.

26. Dezember 1944
Vor der Pommerschen Bucht löst K-56 das Unterseeboot K-51 (Kpt. 3.Rg. Drozdov) ab. Es torpediert am 26.12 den Dampfer Baltenland (3042 BRT)
Am 26.12 sinken U 2342 aus einem Geleitzug mit 10 U-Booten und Sicherung durch den Minensucher M 502
Früh am 26.12. greifen MTB 717 und MTB 627 einen Geleitzug mit 2 Dampfern und V 5102 und V 5114 bei Fröysjoen an und versenken den Versorgungstanker Buvi (790 BRT).
26.12.: Mosquito “N”/333 RAF fliegt “Pfadfinder”-Patrouille und endeckt 2 Frachter im Hafen von Lervik, die dt. Tenerife und der norw. Frachter Cygnus. Beim Angriff der herbeigerufenen 12 Mosquitos von der 143., 235. und 248. Sq. RAF wird die Cygnus (1349 BRT) beschädigt. Das brit. Geschwader wird danach von 2 Formationen dt. Jäger mit 12 Fw 190 and Me 109 gestört und fortgetrieben.
U995 (Oblt.z.S. Hess) versenkt am 26.12 mit Torpedo einen bewaffneten Trawler, möglicherweise RT-52 / Som (417 BRT)
Am 26.12. U 486 (Oblt.z.S. G. Meyer) werden beim T-5 Angriff gegen die 1st Support Group die DEs Capel versenkt und Affleck beschädigt.
Am 26.12. vernichten japan. Flugzeuge in den Gewässern der Philippinen den amerik. Transporter Hobart Baker (7176 BRT), und beschädigen mehrere andere Schiffe
Terrapin allein versenkt am 26.12. einen kleinen Minenleger


Alliierte Luftstreitkräfte unternehmen von Frankreich aus einen Angriff auf die deutschen Treibstoffwerke in Schlesien.

Im Civic Theatre in Chicago kommt das Schauspiel “Die Glasmenagerie” zur Uraufführung. Der US-amerikanische Dramatiker Tennessee Williams erringt mit diesem Theaterstück seinen ersten großen Bühnenerfolg.
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