US 1st Army attacking around Rochefort on northern shoulder of Ardennes salient
German 5th Panzer Army makes another attempt to encircle Bastogne
US 3rd Army attacking toward Houffalize on southern shoulder of Ardennes salient. The US 8th Corps (part of US 3rd Army) launches attacks northward, against the German 5th Panzer Army, from a line between Bastogne and St. Hubert with Houffalize as the objective. Meanwhile, elements of German 5th Panzer Army launch another unsuccessful attempt at cutting the American corridor into Bastogne and capture the town.
US 9th Air Force bombers grounded by poor weather conditions
English Channel U-772 sunk by RCAF aircraft
Arctic Ocean Soviet vessel Tbilisi damaged by U-956 and subsequently written off. Sailing with Convoy KP-24, the Soviet steam merchant Tbilisi was torpedoed and sunk by the U-956, commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Hans-Dieter Mohs, in the Barents Sea in the Arctic Ocean. Of the ship’s complement, 47 died and 139 survived. The 7,176 ton Tbilisi was carrying war material, including food, hay, fuel oil and benzine in barrels and was bound for Liinakhamari, Soviet Union.
Convoy JW 63 departs Loch Ewe for Kola Inlet. Allied convoy JW-63 departed Loch Ewe, Scotland, United Kingdom.
US 8th Air Force attacks transportation targets with 1251 bombers and 528 fighters, of which four bombers and two fighters lost
1st Lt. Jesse W. Gonnam, 30 December 1944, 353nd FG
RAF Bomber Command sends 470 aircraft to attack Cologne, 166 aircraft to attack German supply lines around Houffalize, 68 aircraft to attack Hannover, 21 aircraft on special operations with supplies and agents for Resistance forces overnight
29/30 December 1944
Scholven/Buer: 324 Lancasters and 22 Mosquitos of Nos 1, 6 and 8 Groups. 4 Lancasters lost. The raid took place in difficult conditions. There was thick cloud over the target but Oboe skymarkers were accurately placed and the oil refinery was badly hit. The local report says that 300 high-explosive bombs fell within the oil-plant area. There were two large and 10 small fires and much damage to piping and storage tanks.
197 aircraft – 159 Halifaxes, 24 Lancasters, 14 Mosquitos – of 6 and 8 Groups attempted to bomb the railway yards at Troisdorf but most of the attack missed the target. No other details are available. No aircraft lost.
28 RCM sorties, 28 Mosquito patrols, 16 aircraft of No 6 Group minelaying in the River Elbe, 8 Mosquitos of No 5 Group minelaying off Oslo. No aircraft lost.
Total effort for the night: 623 sorties, 4 aircraft (0.6 per cent) lost.
30 December 1944 13 Lancasters of No 617 Squadron set out to bomb the U-boat pens at Ijmuiden but the raid was abandoned because of bad weather.
13 aircraft detailed for operations on COLOGNE. 1 aircraft missing W/C D.B. Falconer DFC AFC (The Commanding Officer). He flew the crew of W.H. Cornelius, with F/L W. N. Bingham (Squadron Engineer Leader). One aircraft returned early with the Port Outer Engine on fire. (S/L J.A. Wilson). Bombs were jettisoned safe in the sea and the aircraft sucessfully landed at base. The attack opened in 10/10ths cloud. The bombing was reported to be good and a considerable glow of incens and fire seen. F/L K.H. Letford DSO DFC promoted A/S/L. 12 non operational flights.
Three V-2 rocket launches against Antwerp. Two V-2 rocket launches against England
Pacific Ocean IJN destroyer Kuretake sunk by USN submarine Razorback southeast of Formosa
In Washington… General Groves, head of the Manhattan Project, reports that the first two atomic bombs should be ready by August 1, 1945.
Volcano Islands US 7th Air Force attacks Iwo Jima with 14 B-24 bombers
Burma British 14th Army captures Kaduma. US 10th Air Force attacks Japanese positions at Kyatpyin with 17 bombers, bridges at Man Pwe, Ho-hko, and Inailong with 12 fighters, targets around Myethin, Manna, Nanponpon, Lawa, Sabenago, Hmattawmu, and Hosi with 28 fighters
China US 14th Air Force fighters conduct armed recon missions around Mong Nawng, Man Pong, Mong Long, Ka-chun, Shanhsien, Ichang, and Shayang
US 5th Air Force aircraft attack Japanese convoy. IJN Coast Defense Vessel No. 20, IJN sub chaser Ch-18, japanese vessels Aobasan Maru, Muroran Maru, Teikai Maru sunk by US 5th Air Force aircraft. US 8th Army continues clearing Leyte Island
USN destroyers Pringle and Gansevoort and PT tender Orestes damaged, US vessel Hobart Baker sunk, USN auxiliary Porcupine severely damaged (and scuttled) by Japanese kamikaze aircraft
The Pacific war continues – next landing Luzon
The US Navy Fast Carrier Task Force sortied from Ulithi, Caroline Islands for the invasion of Luzon. USS Ticonderoga, USS Astoria departed Ulithi. USS Preston departed waters off Philippine Islands for Ulithi, Caroline Islands.
East Indies US FEAF aircraft conduct attacks throughout the islands
Solomon Islands Australian II Corps attacking Japanese defenses on Pearl Ridge on Bougainville Island
USS Parche began her fourth war patrol. USS Charr departed Pearl Harbor for her first war patrol.
Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Air Group 48 arrived on board.
Two YP-80A jet fighters arrived in Burtonwood, England, United Kingdom.
CD-20 (Imperial Japanese Navy): Convoy MATA-38: The Type D escort ship was bombed and sunk by 5th Air Force B-25s, A-20s and P-40s at the mouth of Lingayen Gulf, Luzon (06°30′N 120°18′E). 52 crew members were lost.
CH-18 (Imperial Japanese Navy): Convoy MATA-38: The CH-13 class Submarine Chaser was bombed and sunk by 5th Air Force B-25s, A-20s and P-40s at the mouth of Lingayen Gulf, Luzon (06°30′N 120°18′E).
Juan de Fuca (US): The Liberty ship was bombed and sunk in the Philippine Sea off the Philippines. She was refloated and towed to Subic Bay. Later repaired and entered United States Navy service as USS Araner.
Kuretake (Imperial Japanese Navy): Convoy MATA-38: The Wakatake-class destroyer was torpedoed and sunk 60 miles southeast of Formosa (21°00′N 121°24′E) by USS Razorback (US Navy).
Muroran Maru (Imperial Japanese Army): Convoy MATA-38: The Transport was bombed and sunk by 5th Air Force B-25s, A-20s and P-40s north of Lingayen Gulf, Luzon (17°17′N 120°24′E) with everyone on board 94 military passengers and 71 crewmen lost.
USS Orestes (US Navy): The Varuna-class motor torpedo boat tender was damaged in the Pacific Ocean by an Aichi D3A aircraft of the Imperial Japanese Navy which crashed into her amidships killing 45 of her 341 crew. She was beached and later towed to Leyte, Philippines by USS LST-708 (US Navy). Subsequently repaired and returned to service.
USS Porcupine (US Navy, 7218 BRT): The Armadillo-class tanker was damaged in Mangarin Bay (12°21′N 121°02′E) by a Japanese Aichi D3A Val aircraft in a Kamikaze attack. Scuttled by USS Gansevoort (United States Navy).
Tbilisi (SU, 7176 BRT): Convoy KP 24: The Liberty ship was torpedoed and damaged in the Barents Sea (69°56′N 32°29′E) by U-956 (Kriegsmarine) with the loss of 47 of the 139 people on board. Survivors were rescued by BO-150 and T-115 (both Soviet Navy). Tbilisi was taken in tow by the tugs M-2 and M-12 (both Soviet Navy), eventually arriving at Murmansk. Although she was declared a total loss, she was repaired and returned to service in 1959 when the bow section from Horace Gray (US) was fitted at Archangelsk.
Teikai Maru (Imperial Japanese Army): Convoy MATA-38: The Transport was bombed and damaged by 5th Air Force B-25s, A-20s and P-40s north of Lingayen Gulf, Luzon (17°17′N 120°24′E), the burning wreck drifted aground on the coast. 122 soldiers, 15 Gunners and 23 crew members were lost.
Am 30.12. ist Konvoi JW.63 von Loch Ewe mit 38 Schiffen ausgelaufen. Deckung durch Geleitträger Vindex (VAdm. Dalrymple-Hamilton), Kreuzer Diadem und Zerstörer Zambesi, Myngs, Zebra, Algonquin (RCN), Sioux (RCN), Savage, Serapis, Scourge, Scorpion, Stord (RNoN) der Home Fleet, Sicherung durch die Zerstörer Keppel, Westcott, Walker, die Sloops Cygnet, Lapwing, Lark, die Korvetten Alnwick Castle, Allington Castle und Bamborough Castle von der 8th und 20th Escort Group.
Am 30.12. treffen Kamikaze-Flieger die Zerstörer Pringle und Gansevoort sowie die Tender Orestes und Porcupine (7218 BRT), letzterer wird zum Totalverlust. Bei Angriffen des USAAF am 30.12. auf Schiffsziele bei San Fernando (Luzon) werden die japan. Korvette Kaibokan 20, 1 U-Jäger und 3 Frachter versenkt.
Der mexikanische Senat ermächtigt Präsident Manuel Avila Camacho, Truppen in Übersee zum Kampf gegen das Deutsche Reich und Japan einzusetzen.
In Paris erscheint der Gedichtband “La Diane française” des französischen Schriftstellers Louis Aragon.
German submarine control requested a passage report from U-869, which did not respond.
I-400 was commissioned into service.