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8 января 1945

Совинформбюро. В течение 8 января в районе БУДАПЕШТА наши войска, уничтожая группировку противника, окружённую в городе, заняли 130 кварталов.


К 8 января советским войскам удалось достигнуть лишь относительного военного успеха. Прежде всего, им удалось потеснить эсэсовцев из «Марии Терезии» и захватить Кишпешт. Но впоследствии немецкой пехоте при поддержке венгерских самоходок удалось отвоевать не только вокзал, но и часть так называемого Народного парка в железнодорожном районе. Несколько часов подразделения 66-го моторизованного полка выполняли немыслимую задачу. В ходе оперативных перемещений один ефрейтор пытался изобразить, будто бы за каждым столбом, за каждым углом скрывался немецкий солдат. После он был награждён Рыцарским крестом. Несмотря на все усилия немцев, советские войска всё равно прорвали их оборону у железнодорожной насыпи и устремились в Народный парк. На северо-восточном участке Пештского фронта советская атака была ещё более успешной. Красноармейцы смогли достигнуть железнодорожного вокзала Ракошрендезё и углубились в кварталы западнее Пештюхея. Приблизительно в то же самое время части 7-го румынского ак атаковали со стороны улицы Бароци почтовое отделение. К вечеру после скоротечного боя здание почты было захвачено.

По мере того как развивалось наступление в направлении Зуглё, защитникам Будапешта становилось все более очевидно, что Малиновский задумал разделить, а затем изолировать друг от друга северный и южный участки Пештского плацдарма. К 8 января от Дуная советские войска отделяли какие-то 4 км. В то же самое время протяженность Пештского плацдарма с юга на север составляла 15 км. Многочисленные контратаки, предпринимаемые немцами, указывали на то, что немецкое командование осознавало серьёзность сложившейся положения и всячески пыталось предотвратить возможность раздробления своих войск. Боевая группа хунгаристов «Северный Пешт», а также боевая группа тех же хунгаристов «МАВ» (сокращение, обозначавшее Венгерскую государственную железную дорогу — Magyar Allam Vasvtak) при поддержке отрядов дивизии «Фельдхеррнхалле» смогли отбить у Красной Армии территории вплоть до улицы Цобор. Некоторые из венгров смогли даже достичь улицы Чёмёр. Но это был сиюминутный успех…
Восьмой день операции «Конрад»
“Лёгкий мороз. Местами идёт снег. Сильная облачность. По сравнению с предыдущим днем состояние дорог неизменное.

IV тк СС, вливший в себя 6-ю тд, вёл на высотах к северу и западу от Бичке ожесточённые бои с превосходящими силами противника. Удалось отбить предпринимаемые из Бичке контратаки неприятеля… Также 5-я тд СС „Викинг“ и 3-я тд СС „Мёртвая голова“ отражали многочисленные танковые контратаки противника из н/п Мань и Жамбек. Левофланговые подразделения 711-й пд предыдущей ночью заняли Пилишсентлелек. После этого они установили, что Кестёльц занят неприятелем. Во время последующей атаки на юго-восток, правофланговой группе пехотной дивизии удалось занять высоты непосредственно к северу и северо-западу от Кестёльца, а левофланговой группе той же дивизии — выйти на 2 км юго-восточнее Пилишсентлелека. Во второй половине дня из Кестёльца пехотой противника была предпринята мощная контратака, в ходе которой правофланговая группа была отброшена на исходные позиции. Неприятелю удалось заблокировать дорогу восточнее Жидоди, связывающую Гран и Пилишсентлелек. Две из расположенных в Гране частей 96-й пд смогли деблокировать батальон 711-й пд, тем самым расчистив путь. На южном берегу Дуная неприятель подтягивает с востока дополнительные силы. Они заняли оборону в 4 км на восток от Грана.”

Советское командование, чтобы побыстрее решить исход сражения, пустило в бой свежие части: 9-й гв. мехкорпус был нацелен на Нойхойзель, а 5-й гв. тк — на Коморн.

К полудню в штабе Балка согласились с тем, чего так давно требовал Гилле: снять 6-ю тд из окрестностей Фельшёгаллы, где она обороняла правый фланг тк СС, перекинуть её на левый фланг, где она должна была принять участие в наступлении.

VICTOR gets Camp-2 Message 8 January (Release 1)
Greg Silvermasters address 8 January (Release 3)
KGB Operation to move a couple to Mexico via US transit visa 8 January (Release 3)
Development of emergency contact procedures for Illegal ALBERT 8 January (Release 3)
Judith Coplon interviewed by KGB. Access to FBI information 8 January (Release 3)
Hand-over of KGB agents to a new controller 8 January (Release 3)
ANDREEV’s clash with the police 8 January (Release 5)

№ 7285. Распоряжение. [О телефонизации районов Можайского и Ленинградского шоссе в Москве.] Д.348, л.138

План смены соединений и частей 48-й и 65-й армий (8 января 1945 г.) Ф. 237, оп. 31283сс, д. 13, л. 31.
Monday, 8 January 1945
6th Guards Tank Army of Soviet 2nd Ukrainian Front attacking toward Komarom
2nd Ukrainian Front continues assaulting Buda and Pest
German III Panzer Korps continues counterattacking toward Budapest
Northwest of Budapest, Soviets forces engage German armour and infantry forces. Street fighting in Budapest continues. Soviet forces are approaching the town of Komarno on the Danube River.

Convoy JW 63 arrives Kola Inlet.
Am 8.1. treffen die Schiffe des Konvois unbemerkt im Kolafjord ein. 6 Transporter und 2 Tanker des Geleitzuges werden von der Halbinsel Kola weiter nach Molotovsk gebracht.
5.– 8.1.1945 Nordmeer Dt. U-Boote U 295, U 318 und U 716 laufen mit je 2 auf Oberdeck festgemachten “Biber”-Klein-U-Booten aus, um mit ihnen zum Angriff gegen das Schlachtschiff Arkhangelsk und alliierte Geleitfahrzeuge in den Kola-Fjord einzudringen. Die Operation muss wegen Schäden an den Klein-U-Booten abgebrochen werden.

German Chancellor Adolf Hitler authorized the gradual withdrawal of German Army from the Ardennes.
US 1st Army continues attacking on northern flank, US 3rd Army continues attacking on southern flank of German Ardennes salient
RAF 2nd Tactical Air Force mostly grounded by poor weather conditions
US 9th Air Force grounded by poor weather conditions

US 7th Army attacking around Rimling, Aschbach, Gambsheim, Dresenheim, Rohrweiler, and Herrlisheim
The battle of Strasbourg is underway, with Americans in defence of their recent acquisition.

Allied forces eliminate German positions on the west bank of the Maas River. In the Ardennes, American forces now control 9 miles of the Laroche-St. Vith road. US 3rd Army captures Flamierge, 9 km north-west of Bastogne, on the southern flank of the German held salient. Meanwhile, in Alsace, the battles north and south of Strasbourg continue. The US 7th Army is under considerable pressure near Rimling and Gambsheim.

Convoy HX 331 departs New York City for Liverpool. Convoy UGS 67 departs Hampton Roads for Gibraltar
The commander of the U.S. Atlantic Fleet, Vice Admiral Jonas H. Ingram, gave a press conference in which he warned there was a threat of missile attack and announced that a large force had been assembled to counter seaborne missile launchers.
***
Convoy MOTA-30:
Anyo Maru (Japan, 9256 BRT): The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean (24°50′N 120°35′E) by USS Barb. 138 crewmen killed.
Hikoshima Maru (2854 BRT): The tanker was torpedoed and damaged in the Pacific Ocean by USS Barb and ran aground in Tungshiao Bay. She is abandoned apparently with out loss.
Manju Maru (Imperial Japanese Navy, 6516 BRT): The tanker (A.K.A. Manzyu Maru) was torpedoed and damaged in the Pacific Ocean by USS Queenfish and runs aground in Tungshiao Bay (24°47′N 120°32′E) . She sinks the next day. 13 Guards and 30 crewmen killed.
Sanyo Maru: The tanker was torpedoed, damaged, and run aground in the Pacific Ocean (24°50′N 120°35′E) by USS Barb. Sinks on the 9th. 12 Guards, 2 Instructors, 3 Watchmen, and 29 crewmen killed.
*
Daigo Maru (Imperial Japanese Navy, 5244 BRT): The 1K -class Ore Carrier was torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean (34°37′N 122°12′E) south west of Korea by USS Balao. 49 crew members survive the sinking and make away on life boats, but 30 die of exposure before reaching the China coast. When they arrive at the coast they discover Chinese Communist troops are waiting and all but one commit suicide rather than surrender.
Fusa (Norway): The passenger ship was bombed and sunk in Korsfjord, Sør-Trøndelag by Royal Air Force  aircraft with the loss of seven of the 42 people on board. Am 8.1. versenken Beaufighter des “Dallachy Strike Wing” im Korsfjord den kleinen norw. Frachter Fusa (172 BRT).
Shinyo Maru (IJN): The 1K -class Ore Carrier was run aground in Tungshiao Bay. She sinks the next day.
Tatsuyo Maru (IJN, 6892 BRT): The Standard 2AT -class cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Formosa Strait by USS Barb . The ship explodes killing all 63 crewmen.
Trygg (Norway): The coaster was bombed and sunk in Korsfjord by Royal Air Force aircraft with the loss of two crew.
V-5116 (Kriegsmarine): The vorpostenboot was bombed and sunk in Korsfjord by Royal Air Force aircraft
***
US 8th Air Force attacks transportation targets with 604 bombers, of which two lost
US 15th Air Force attacks transportation lines around Graz, Klagenfurt, Salzburg, and Villach with more than 300 bombers
 Mission No. 1618 January 1945 Target: Linz South Main Marshalling Yard, Linz, Austria
…a briefed pathfinder four flight formation led by Lt. Colonel Lawhon with the South Main Marshalling Yard at Linz, Austria, as the primary target. At the keypoint the formation was compelled to make a 360 degree circle to get above the high cirrus. In the target area the solid deck of cirrus was so high that the formation could not get above it for a bomb run. After abandoning the primary target, Lt. Colonel Lawhon attempted an attack on the first alternate target, the marshalling yard at Graz, Austria, but there, too, the high cirrus prevented close formation flying. At Klagenfurt, Austria, the formation finally dropped its bombs on the marshalling yard through a solid undercast with unobserved results. The plane flown by 2nd Lt. Thomas R. Wiley became separated from the formation and failed to return from this mission.

US 12th Air Force mostly grounded by poor weather conditions, but fighters conduct 33 sorties against targets in the Po Valley

7/8 January 1945
645 Lancasters and 9 Mosquitos of Nos 1, 3, 5, 6 and 8 Groups to Munich. 11 Lancasters lost and 4 more crashed in France. Bomber Command claimed a successful area raid, with the central and some industrial areas being severely damaged. This was the last major raid on Munich.
54 Mosquitos to Hannover, 18 to Nuremberg and 12 to Hanau, 39 RCM sorties, 45 Mosquito patrols. 2 Mosquitos lost – 1 from the Hannover raid and a No 100 Group aircraft.
The last Bomber Command Wellington operation was flown on this night by Flying Officer BH Stevens and his crew of No 192 Squadron. The Wellington was on an RCM flight over the North Sea 'to investigate enemy beam signals connected with the launching of flying bombs and believed to emanate from marker buoys'. Bad weather over the North Sea caused the flight to be curtailed but the Wellington landed safely, the last of more than 47,000 sorties carried out by this type of aircraft in Bomber Command.
Total effort for the night: 822 sorties, 17 aircraft (2.1 per cent) lost.

The Squadron went further afield tonight when 15 aircraft attacked MUNICH. The attack was carried out in conditons of 10/10ths cloud, but the glow of a previous raid could be seen 50 miles away. Bombing appeared to start early and was good in general, but rather spread at first. Appeared to be a good raid. 13 non operational flights.

Montag. Britische Bomberverbände fliegen einen Großangriff auf München, bei dem rund 2100 t Bomben abgeworfen werden.

German V-2 rocket hit the junction of LMS and Met. railway lines behind 114 Iverson Road between West End Lane and Kilburn High Road in Hampstead, London, England, United Kingdom at 1630 hours. 2 were killed, 64 seriously injured, and 57 lightly injured. The rocket destroyed 14 houses, badly damaged 152 houses, and lightly damaged 1,600 houses.
14 пусков. Batts. 444, 1./485. …Waltham Holy Cross. Blast damage to church. No casualties; Islington. Rocket disintegrated before impact. Warhead scored direct hit on corner of lead mills. 2 Dead, 4 seriously injured. 6 Others seriously injured by falling fragments in Poplar; Lewisham. Fell in grounds of school. Serious blast damage to school buildings and houses. 15 Persons seriously injured; Hornsey. Direct hit on house. 12 Dead, 30 seriously injured. 14 Properties demolished; Hampstead. Fell on railway embankment. Railway tracks damaged. Severe damage to nearby houses; Wandsworth. 1 Dead, 3 seriously injured. Fell on Clapham Common. Optical works and a passing bus damaged; Sidcup, Kent. 2 Dead, 9 seriously injured; Stoke Newington. 8 Persons seriously injured. 2 Properties demolished.

East China Sea Japanese vessels Daigo Maru sunk by USN submarine Balao, Anyo Maru, Shinyo Maru, Sanyo Maru sunk by USN submarine Barb, Hikoshima Maru runs aground and subsequently written off
In the confusion generated by TG 17.21’s attack, the merchant tanker Hikoshima Maru ran aground in Tungshiao Bay where she would eventually be gradually battered by heavy seas over ensuing weeks and rendered a total loss.
The coordinated submarine attack group, U.S. Navy Task Group 17.21 (Commander Charles E. Loughlin), attacked the Japanese Convoy MOTA 30 off the northwest coast of Formosa. USS Barb (SS 220), commanded by Commander Eugene B. Fluckey, despite the presence of three escort vessels torpedoed and sank the 9,256 ton merchant ship Anyo Maru, the 6,892 ton merchant ship Anyo Maru Tatsuyo Maru, the 2,854 ton Japanese tanker Sanyo Maru, and damaged the 2,857 ton Japanese transport ship Meiho Maru. The Shinyo Maru exploded so violently it forced the USS Barb deep and tore off deck gratings.
USS Picuda (SS 382), commanded by Commander Evan T. Shepard, torpedoed and damaged the cargo ship Rashin Maru (5455 BRT).
USS Queenfish (SS 393), commanded by Commander Charles E. Loughlin, torpedoed and damaged the tanker Manju Maru.
USS Balao (SS 285), commanded by Lt. Commander Marion R. DeArellano, torpedoed and sank the 5,244 ton Japanese merchant cargo ship Daigo Maru in the Yellow Sea southwest of Korea.
USS Piranha (SS 389), commanded by Lt. Commander Harold E. Ruble, torpedoed and damaged the 540 ton Japanese auxiliary net layer Shinto Maru No.2off the Ryukyu Islands.

Volcano Islands US 7th Air Force attacks Iwo Jima with 26 B-24 bombers
Bonin Islands Japanese vessel No. 22 Seikai Maru sunk by mine off Haha Jima

The Japanese Navy 2nd Air Fleet was officially disbanded after suffering major losses in the Philippine Islands.

Burma British 14th Army closing in on Shwebo. US 10th Air Force attacks Japanese positions and supply dumps around Nampeng and Mong Long with 21 bombers, bridge at Namhkai with 12 fighters, Japanese positions and supply dumps around Tunhunghkam, Mongyu, Hpa-hpun, and Man Om with 74 fighters.
British 14th Army troops, south-East of Yeu, have reached within 4 miles of Shwebo, 55 miles north-west of Mandalay.

The cargo ship Malay Maru was damaged by a mine (laid by the submarine HMS Stoic (P 231) on June 3, 1944) off the west coast of Malaya.

USN escort carriers Kitkun Bay and Kadashan Bay, RAN heavy cruiser Australia damaged by Japanese kamikaze aircraft. During the continuing Japanese aerial onslaught on the Lingayen Gulf invasion force, kamikazes damaged the USS Kitkun Bay (CVE 71) and USS Kadashan Bay (CVE 76). A kamikazes also hit the Australian heavy cruiser HMAS Australia (D 84), ending her support operations for that day.
Palau Islands USN LCI(G)-404 damaged by Japanese suicide swimmers, Yoo Passage

In der Nacht zum 8.1. versenken die Zerstörer Charles Ausburne, Braine, Shaw, Russell im letzten Überwasser-Gefecht des Pazifischen Krieges den neuerlich ausgelaufenen japan. Geleitzerstörer Hinoki. Am 8.1. tags greifen mehrere Kamikazes vom Clark-Field die 7. US Flotte vor dem Lingayen-Golf an, dabei werden die Geleitträger Kadashan Bay, Kitkun Bay und der Kreuzer Australia beschädigt: 17 Tote, 36 Verletzte.

East Indies US FEAF aircraft attack airfields on Borneo

The US Fast Carrier Task Force refueled then sailed toward Taiwan.
USS Brill arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii.
USS Springer departed Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California
I-401 was commissioned into service at Sasebo, Japan under the command of Lieutenant Commander Nobukiyo Nambu. The ceremony was attended by very few, as she was a top secret submarine. She departed Sasebo later in the same day for the Inland Sea.
Light cruiser USS Amsterdam (CL-101) was commissioned with Captain Andrew P. Lawton in command.
Vice Admiral Minoru Tayui was named the commanding officer, Rear Admiral Bunji Asakura was named the chief of staff of the Japanese 1st Southern Expeditionary Fleet.

Another unpowered J8M Shusui/Ki-200 aircraft took flight, with water ballast installed in place of the rocket engine.
USS ABSD-1 with USS Antelope and USS LST-120 in the dock, Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides, 8 Jan 1945
Egypt Coalition government led by Ahmed Maher Pasha wins general election


Home front: Awake half the night with the noise of heavy bombers coming in, very low. About 1 o’clock there were two very heavy explosions, like bombs, shaking the building. Suppose them to be either planes crashing or else rockets.

Snow fell thicker and faster, a wild, glorious sight, the great white flakes driving into ever crevasse and corner. Church, trees, grave stones all gradually vanished under the smooth white sheets.

“Youth for Christ” organizes
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