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Jan. 12, 1945 с того свету

South China Sea Carrier-based aircraft from USN Task Force 38 attack Japanese installations in French Indochina and shipping in the South China Sea, flying more than 980 sorties

Part of the pre-launch intelligence was provided by agents of Katiou Meynier, who observed a 26-ship convoy enter Cam Ranh Bay, although no such convoy was found specifically. Hoang’s intelligence reached the US Navy via the Sino-American Special Technical Cooperative Organization (SACO) in China.

There are air attacks from the planes of the carriers of Task Force 38 against Japanese installations at the naval base at Camranh Bay and others areas in Indochina. TG 38.5 continues the attacks from its specially trained carriers. Japanese losses to the attacks amount to 29 ships of 116,000 tons. Eleven small warships are also sunk.

U.S. Navy Task Force 38 (Vice Admiral John S. McCain) operating in the South China Sea hit Japanese shipping, airfields, and other shore installations in southeastern French Indochina. TF 38 planes sank 41 auxiliary vessels and damaged 17 auxiliary vessels. Vichy French ships, due to their proximity to Japanese vessels, also come under attack. TF 38 planes sank the light cruiser Lamotte-Picquet off Cat Lai and sink French surveying vessel Octant. The steamship Albert Sarraut was strafed as was the freighter Taiposek.

US Task Force 38 destroys 41 Jap ships in Battle of South China Sea totaling 130,000 tons


IJN (all) anti-submarine vessel Kashii (by SB2C Helldiver), escort vessel Chiburi, guardboat No. 2 Fushimi Maru, Patrol Boat No. 103 (ex USN minesweeper Finch), minesweeper W-101, auxiliary minesweeper Otowa Maru, sub chasers Ch-31, Ch-43, Coast Defense Vessels No. 17, No. 19, No. 35, No. 43, French light cruiser Lamotte-Picquet , japanese vessels T-140, Ayanami M., Hoei M., Akashi M., Kumagawa M., Shinsei M., France M., Shingi M., Ayayuki M., Nagayoshi M., Koshin M., Kensei M., Toyu M., Ikutagawa M., Kiyo M., No. 17 Shinsei M., Kenei M., Taikyu M., No. 9 Horai M., french vessel Octant sunk

Many other Japanese vessels and French vessels damaged by carrier-based aircraft from USN Task Force 38

Aircraft from the U.S. Navy Task Force 38, commanded by Vice Admiral John S. McCain, Sr. attack enemy convoys and bases along the coast of Japanese-held French Indochina in the Battle of the South China Sea in an operation codenamed “Operation Gratitude.” The attacks were very successful. Despite rough seas and high winds from a dangerously close typhoon, Japanese bases at Saigon, Cape Saint Jacques (Vung Tau), Cam Ranh Bay, Qui Nhon, and Tourane Bay (Da Nang) were hit hard, resulting in the destruction of docks, barracks, weapons depots, hangars, and scores of Japanese seaplanes and other aircraft, as well as the sinking of more than 40 enemy ships.

Am 12.1. Nachtstart von Task Group 38.5, früh morgens Angriffe aller Task Groups gegen die Küste und Häfen Indochinas, Schwerpunkt Task Group 38.2 gegen Camranh-Bay, wo schwere jap. Schiffe vermutet werden. Vorstoß gegen die Küste mit New Jersey, Wisconsin, Baltimore, Boston, Pasadena, Astoria, Wilkes-Barre und Zerstörern ohne Erfolg. Bei 1465 Einsätzen mit 23 Verlusten werden aus japan. Konvois 29 Handelsschiffe mit 116.000 BRT, der als Konvoi-Flaggschiff fahrende Schulkreuzer Kashii, die Fregatte Chiburi, die Korvetten Kaibokan 23, Kaibokan 51, Kaibokan 17, Kaibokan 19, Kaibokan 35, Kaibokan 43 und die U-Jäger Ch-31, Ch-43, das Patrouillenboot P-103 (ex-US Minensucher Finch), der Minensucher W-101 (ex-brit. Taitam) sowie 1 Landungsschiff versenkt, ferner weitere Fregatten, Korvetten, Minensucher, Landungsschiffe und U-Jäger beschädigt. In der Camranh-Bay wird der franz. Kreuzer Lamotte-Picquet vernichtet.

TF.38 greift Ziele vor Indochina an: Nördl. Qui Nhon wird der japan. Konvoi HI.86 zerschlagen: der Kreuzer Kashii, die Fregatte Chiburi, die Korvetten Kaibokan 17, Kaibokan 19, drei Tanker und ein Transporter werden versenkt, Kaibokan 23, Kaibokan 51 and 11 Schiffe werden beschädigt, ebenso in einem weiteren Anlauf die Fregatten Daito und Ukuru, die Korvette Kaibokan 27 und die Landungsschiffe T-149 und T-137. — Aus dem Konvoi SASI.40 werden vor Vung Tau 3 Schiffe versenkt. Aus dem Konvoi SATA.05 werden vor Kap Padaran die Korvetten Kaibokan 35, Kaibokan 43, der Minensucher W.101, das Wachboot Nr.103 (ex-USS Finch) und fünf Transporter versenkt. — Vor der Camranh-Bucht werden die U-Jäger Ch41 versenkt, Ch34 beschädigt. Bei Saigon werden das Landungsschiff T-140 und sechs Handelsschiffe versenkt, T-131 und zwei Frachter beschädigt. Auch franz. Schiffe sind betroffen: der Kreuzer Lamotte-Picquet wird versenkt, das Vermessungsschiff Octant, die Frachter Albert Sarraut und Taipoosek beschädigt.
Oil storage tanks south of Saigon, French Indochina

Operation Kongo continued. The submarine IJN I-47 launched  suicide torpedoes (kaitens) that damaged the U.S. freighter Pontus H. Ross off Hollandia, New Guinea. Efforts by the submarines IJN I-53 at Kossol Roads, Palau, the IJN I-56 at Manus, in the Admiralties, and by the IJN I-58 at Apra Harbor, Guam, were not successful.

Mariana Islands IJN submarine I-58 launches Kaiten manned suicide torpedoes off Guam without success
Palau Islands IJN submarine I-53 launches Kaiten manned suicide torpedoes at Kossol Roads without success
New Guinea IJN submarine I-47 launches Kaiten manned suicide torpedoes off Hollandia. US vessel Pontus H. Ross damaged
Admiralty Islands IJN submarine I-56 launches Kaiten manned suicide torpedoes off Manus Island without success
Volcano Islands US 7th Air Force attacks Iwo Jima with 28 B-24 bombers

On January 2, 1945 the USS Swordfish (SS-193), commanded by Lt. Commander Keats E. Montrose, was given orders to clear the area of Nansei Shoto, Japan until scheduled allied air attacks were over with. She confirmed understanding of this order on January 3, 1945 but was not heard from again. There is no explanation for its loss and no recorded survivors. The date of January 12, 1945 for the Swordfish’s loss is an approximate one.

Burma British 14th Army expanding bridgeheads across Irrawaddy River at Kyaukmyaung and Thabeikkying. The British 18th Indian Division takes bridgeheads over the Irrawaddy north of Mandalay at Kyaukmyaung and Thabeikkyin. Fierce Japanese attacks in these areas immediately begin. In the Arakan there are landings of British Commando troops near Myebon on the mainland between Akyab and Ramree.

RN Task Force 64 lands British 3rd Commando Brigade near Myebon. Men of the British No. 42 (Royal Marine) Commando landed in southeastern Myebon Peninsula, Burma.

Die brit. TF.64 (RAdm. Martin) landet mit einigen Transportern und Landungsfahrzeugen, dem austr. Zerstörer Napier, den ind. Sloops Narbada und Jumna sowie HMDL 1248 und ML 854, Truppen der brit. 3. Kommando-Brigade bei Myebon zwischen Akyab und Ramree (Burma). Kreuzer Phoebe dient als Jägerleitschiff (“FDS”).

Japanese aircraft intercept Allied transport operations at Onbauk airstrip near Shwebo and attack aircraft on the ground. US 10th Air Force provides support for ground operations around Si-U and Lawa with 16 fighters, attacks Japanese positions, supply depots, and other targets around Namsa-lap, Longmao, Hsaihkao, Mangpu, Pangnim, Lashio, Hsipaw, and Hsenwi with 70 fighters. US 14th Air Force attacks targets around Muse and Wan Mai-Lo

India First US-Chinese truck convoy begins moving along the Ledo Road toward China via Burma. The first convoy of 113 vehicles, led by Lt. General Lewis A. Pick, departed from Ledo on the Ledo (or “Stilwell”) Road bound for Kunming, China.
British Commando troops conducted an amphibious assault at Myebon in Burma, seizing the position from the Japanese. This action denied the Japanese the use of the many waterways along the Arakan coast and threatened their line of retreat.

US 6th Army expanding and consolidating Lingayen Gulf beachhead on Luzon
21st Infantry Regiment of US 8th Army prepares for attack toward Calapan on Mindoro Island

USN destroyers Gilligan and Richard W. Suesens, transport Zeilin, LST-700, US vessels Elmira Victory, Otis Skinner, Edward M. Westcott, Kyle V. Johnson (with more than 100 troops killed), and David Dudley Field damaged by Japanese kamikaze aircraft. USN transport Sands, LST-710, and LST-778 damaged by friendly fire

The Japanese Army launched its final special attack mission in the Philippine Islands area.
Japanese aircraft complete withdrawal from Luzon to Formosa

Off the west coast of Luzon, kamikazes damaged the destroyer escorts USS Richard W. Suesens (DE 342) and USS Gilligan (DE 508), the attack transport USS Zeilin (APA 3), and the tank landing ship LST-700. Kamikazes targeted U.S. merchant ships, damaging the freighters Elmira Victory, the Edward M. Wescott off the west coast of Luzon, the Kyle V. Johnson, (on board which 129 of 506 Army troops, being transported were killed) and the David Dudley Field at Subic Bay. Friendly fire accounted for damage to the high speed transport USS Sands (APD 13) and the tank landing ships LST-710 and LST-778.

Von den gegen die Landung angesetzten jap. U-Booten Ro-43, Ro-46, Ro-50, Ro-55, Ro-109 und Ro-49 führen am 12.1. Ro-49 (Oblt. Sugayoshi) einen erfolglosen Angriff gegen ein Schlachtschiff, Ro-46 (Kptlt. Suzuki) gegen Transporter. Kamikaze-Flieger greifen an- und ablaufende Transporter und Geleitfahrzeuge an, der APD Belknap (nicht mehr repariert), der APA Zeilin und LST 700 sowie die DEs Gilligan und Richard W. Suesens werden beschädigt: 50 Tote und 107 Verletzte. Aus einem Nachschubkonvoi werden durch 6 Kamikazes auf der Höhe von Bataan 4 Liberty-Schiffe und 1 LST beschädigt, auf Kyle V. Johnson 129 Tote und 23 Verletzte unter den eingeschifften 506 Soldaten.

East Indies RAAF aircraft attack Halmahera Island

Caroline Islands USN destroyer Evans and destroyer escort McCoy Reynolds bombard Yap Island. The USS LCI(L)-600 was sunk by undetermined explosion at Ulithi, Caroline Islands.
***
Imperial Japanese Navy
Akashi Maru: The Tanker was sunk 50 miles southeast of Cape St. Jacques French Indochina in the South China Sea (10°20′N 107°45′E) by U.S. Navy aircraft from Task Force 38.
Ayanami M.: The Tanker was sunk off French Indochina in the South China Sea…

Ayayuki M.: Convoy SATA-05: The Tanker was sunk 50 miles southeast of Cape Padaran French Indochina in the South China Sea (11°10′N 108°55′E) by…
CD-35: SATA-05: The Type C… was sunk off Cape St. Jacques French Indochina in the South China Sea (11°10′N 108°55′E) by… 69 crewmen lost.
CD-43: SATA-05: The Type C… was bombed by… and beached on an uninhabited island and scuttled by her crew off Cape St. Jacques French Indochina in the South China Sea (11°10′N 108°55′E) . 29 crewmen lost.
CH-31: SATA-05: The No.13-class submarine chaser was sunk off Cape Padaran French Indochina in the South China Sea (11°10′N 108°55′E) by…
Eiho M.: SATA-05: The Tanker was sunk southeast of Cape St. Jacques French Indochina in the South China Sea by…
Kenei M.: SATA-05: The cargo ship was sunk by…
Koshin M.: SATA-05: The Tanker was sunk southeast of Cape St. Jacques French Indochina in the South China Sea by…
PB-103: SATA-05: The patrol boat, a former Lapwing-class minesweeper, was strafed severely by…, setting off her depth charges off Cape Padaran French Indochina in the South China Sea (11°10′N 108°55′E) sinking her in shallow water with her bridge above water. Sunk with 23 killed and 52 wounded.
Toyu M.: SATA-05: The Troopship was sunk off Cape St. Jacques French Indochina in the South China Sea (10°20′N 107°45′E) by…
W-101: SATA-05: The Bangor-class minesweeper was sunk off Cape Padaran French Indochina in the South China Sea (11°10′N 108°55′E) by…

Banshu M. No. 63: Convoy HI-86: The cargo ship was damaged by… off Qui Nhon French Indochina in the South China Sea (14°15′N 109°10′E and beached for a total loss.
CD-23: HI-86: The Type C… was sunk north of Qui Nhon French Indochina in the South China Sea (14°15′N 109°10′E) by… 155 crewmen lost.
CD-51: HI-86: The Type C… was sunk north of Qui Nhon French Indochina in the South China Sea (14°15′N 109°10′E) by… 159 crewmen lost.
Eiman M.: HI-86: The cargo ship was sunk by… with a loss of 19 Crew and 13 Naval Gunners.
Kashii : HI-86: The Katori-class cruiser was bombed, torpedoed and sunk north of Qui Nhon French Indochina in the South China Sea (13°50′N 109°20′E) by… 621 crewmen lost, only 19 survivors
Kembu M.: Convoy HI-86: The Tanker was sunk near Bin h Dinh French Indochina by…
Kyokuun M.:HI-86: The cargo ship was bombed by… and beached north of Qui Nhon French Indochina in the South China Sea for a total loss.
Otsusan M. (Japan): HI-86: The standard type 2AT tanker (A.K.A. Otsuyama Maru and Otusan Maru) was bombed by… and beached north of Qui Nhon French Indochina in the South China Sea for a total loss. 28 crewmen killed
San Luis M.: HI-86: The Tanker was bombed by… and sunk 25 miles north east of Binh Dinh French Indochina (14°20′N 109°09′E) in the South China Sea. 9 Gunners and 3 crewmen killed.
Shoei M.: HI-86: The tanker was bombed by… and sunk north of Qui Nhon French Indochina in the South China Sea (14°15′N 109°10′E) .
Tatsuhato M.: HI-86: The cargo ship was sunk north of Qui Nhon French Indochina in the South China Sea by…
Yujo M.: HI-86: The cargo ship (A.K.A. Yoshu Maru and Yushu Maru) was sunk north of Qui Nhon French Indochina in the South China Sea by… 5 Gunners and 45 crewmen killed.
Yusei M.: HI-86: The cargo ship was damaged by… of off Qui Nhon French Indochina in the South China Sea (14°15′N 109°10′E and beached for a total loss

Daikyu M. (Japan): Convoy SASHI-05: The Standard Type 2AT Tanker was bombed by… and beached north of Qui Nhon French Indochina in the South China Sea for a total loss. 198 troops and 17 crewmen killed.
Horai M. No. 9 (Japan): SASHI-05: The tanker was sunk off French Indochina in the South China Sea by… 6 Gunners and 11 crewmen killed
Nanryo M. No. 2 (Japan): SASHI-05: The Tanker was sunk off French Indochina in the South China Sea by… 2 Gunners and 6 crewmen killed.

France M.: Convoy SASHI-30: The Daifuku Maru No. 1-class troopship was attacked by… and beached in the Mekong River Delta 50 miles southeast of Gocong French Indochina (09°35′N 106°48′E) for a total loss. 5 passengers and 38 crew lost.
Kyoei M. No. 7: SASHI-30: The transport was bombed by… and sunk with all hands in the Mekong River Delta 50 miles southeast of Gocong French Indochina (09°35′N 106°48′E).
Shingi M.: SASHI-30: The transport (A.K.A. Shintai Maru and Jingi Maru) was bombed by… and sunk (09°24′N 106°44′E) in the South China Sea. 790 troops and 38 crew lost.

CD-17: The Type C escort ship Coast Defence Frigate was sunk off Cape St. Jacques French Indochina in the South China Sea (10°20′N 107°50′E) by… All 159 crewmen lost.
CD-19: The Type C… was sunk off Cape St. Jacques French Indochina in the South China Sea (10°20′N 107°50′E) by…
CH-43: The No.13-class… was sunk in Cam Rahn Bay French Indochina in the South China Sea by…
Chiburi: The Mikura-class Frigate was sunk off Cape St. Jacques French Indochina in the South China Sea (10°20′N 107°50′E) by… 88 crewmen lost.
Hoei M.: The tanker was sunk southeast of Cape St. Jacques French Indochina in the South China Sea by…
Ikutagawa M. : The victuals store ship was sunk at Saigon French Indochina by…
Kensei M.: The cargo ship was sunk southeast of Cape St. Jacques French Indochina in the South China Sea by…
Kiyo M.: The cargo ship was sunk off of French Indochina in the South China Sea by…
Kumagawa M.: The oiler was sunk off Cape St. Jacques French Indochina in the South China Sea (10°20′N 107°50′E) by…
Otowa M.: The auxiliary minesweeper was sunk in Cam Rahn Bay French Indochina in the South China Sea (11°50′N 109°00′E) by…
Shinsei M. No. 17: The cargo ship was sunk at Saigon French Indochina by…
T-140: The No.103 class Landing ship was sunk at Saigon…
T-149: The No.103 class… was bombed and sunk at St. Jacques, French Indochina by…
Taikyu M.: The cargo ship was sunk off Cape St. Jacques French Indochina in the South China Sea by…

La Motte-Picquet (Vichy French Navy): The training hulk, a former Duguay-Trouin-class light cruiser, was bombed and sunk off Cat Lai French Indochina in the South China Sea by U.S. Navy aircraft from Task Force 38.
Octant (Vichy French Navy): The survey ship was bombed and sunk off Cat Lai French Indochina in the South China Sea by…

Louhi (Finnish Navy): The minelayer was torpedoed and sunk in the Gulf of Finland (59°40′N 23°05′E) by U-370 with the loss of ten of her 41 crew.

Kong Oscar II (Germany): The cargo ship ran aground in a storm at Sandnessjøen, Nordland, Norway. She sank the next day. Wreck scrapped during the winter of 1954–55.
M-1 (Kriegsmarine): The Type 1935 minesweeper was bombed and torpedoed by British aircraft and sank off Bergen, Norway
M-273 (Kriegsmarine): The Type 1940 minesweeper was shelled and sunk off Egersund, Norway by HMS Bellona and HMS Norfolk, (both RN).
Nigitsu M.: The Akitsu Maru Class Landing Craft Depot Ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean off Okino-Daito Island, south east of Okinawa, (23°15′N 132°51′E) by USS Hake (USN). 574 troops and crewmen killed.

USS LCI(L)-600 (USN): The Landing Craft Infantry (Large) was sunk at Ulithi, by a Kaiten suicide submarine / human torpedo (IJN).
 USS Swordfish (USN): The Sargo-class submarine was either depth charged or struck a mine and sank off Okinawa Island, Japan with the loss of all 59 crew.
HMS Regulus (RN): The Algerine-class minesweeper was mined and sunk off Corfu.
Treern (South African Navy): The auxiliary minesweeper struck a mine and sank in the Aegean Sea off eastern Greece (39°06′N 23°14′E) with the loss of 23 of her 24 crew. Survivor rescued by HMS Musketeer (RN).
***
USS Baya arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her second war patrol.
Light carrier Ryuho departed for Japan.


Franklin Roosevelt departed Washington DC, United States for Hyde Park, New York, United States by train; Lucy Mercer Rutherfurd accompanied him on this journey.
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