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January 29, 1945

Monday, 29 January 1945

Das neu ausgebrochene L-3 (Kpt. 3.Rg. Konovalov) legt am 26.1. im gleichen Operationsgebiet eine Minensperre, auf der am 29.1. der Frachter Henry Lütgens (1141 BRT) verloren geht.

3rd Byelorussian Front attacking into Koenigsberg

Kriegsmarine cruiser Prinz Eugen, two destroyers, and five torpedo boats provide naval gunfire support as XXVIII Korps of German 4th Army attacks from Cranz bridgehead toward Koenigsberg. 4th Army’s attacks fought to a standstill by Soviet 2nd Byelorussian Front
There are German counter-attacks from East Prussia against the forces of the 2nd Belorussian Front to the west. Toward the south of the German pocket, Bischofsburg falls to the Soviet forces.

Forces of the 1st Belorussian Front encircle the city of Poznan, and the large German garrison, in Pomerania.

1st Ukrainian Front clearing Upper Silesia

Bitter struggle as Red Army encircles Breslau

German and Hungarian forces counterattacking around Budapest
The US 1st Army reports the capture of the town of Bullingen, east of St. VIth.
US 1st Army captures Buellingen, Wereth, Holzheim, and Medendorf
Forces of the US 3rd Army cross the Oure River at two points, 8 miles south of St. VIth.
US 3rd Army captures Schlierbach, Setz, Elcherath, Welchenhausen, Stupbach, and Kalborn
French 1st Army attacking Colmar pocket

German vessel Borbek sunk by Soviet submarine SC-303 and aircraft
Clyde Maru (IJArmy, 5497 BRT): Convoy MOTA-33: The Yoshida Maru No. 1 Class Transport was torpedoed and sunk in the Formosa Strait 40 miles north of Keelung Formosa(25°20′N 121°06′E) by USS Picuda . Of 1577 troops and crew on board, 972 troops, 66 Gunners and 61 crew were killed.
F 5 (Kriegsmarine): The F class escort ship was damaged by a mine between Copenhagen and Swinemunde. She sank while under tow.
Henry Lutgens (Germany, 1141 BRT): The cargo ship was lost to torpedo attack or mine south of Ventspils, Latvia.
USS Serpens (AK 97): The Crater-class cargo ship was sunk by an explosion whilst loading depth charges at Lunga Beach, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. The explosion killed 198 of her 208 crew, plus 57 stevedores on the ship and another person ashore. The force of the explosion also killed an Army soldier who was ashore. The blast also damaged the submarine chasers PC-588, SC-1039, and SC-1266, the motor minesweeper YMS-281, and district patrol craft YP-514. The cause of the explosion was never completely determined. The loss of the USS Serpens remains the largest single disaster ever suffered by the U.S. Coast Guard.
U-763 (Kriegsmarine): The Type VIIC submarine was severely damaged at the Schichau Shipyard, Köningsberg, East Prussia in a Soviet air raid and was scuttled at 54°42′N 20°32′E.
Baltic Sea U-763 sunk at Koenigsberg by Soviet air attack. / Scuttled 29 Jan 1945 in Köningsberg at the Schichau shipyard, in position 54.42N, 20.32E, after being damaged by Soviet bombs.

Convoy ONS 41 departs Liverpool for Halifax. HMS Activity departed Britain with convoy KM 39.

Norway Kriegsmarine destroyers Z-34 and Z-38 depart Bergen in another attempt to reach Germany. U-636 was attacked by shore-based friendly fire in Norwegian waters, off Stavanger, but suffered no damage.
North Sea Kriegsmarine S-boats conduct minelaying operations off the Humber overnight. Kriegsmarine launches 15 Biber one-man submarines against Allied shipping in the Scheldt estuary but without success

U-3509 commissioned.

US 8th Air Force attacks rail targets with 1001 bombers, Kassel with 93 bombers
Major Darrell S. Cramer, 29 January 1945, 55th FG
1st Lt. Walter J. Konantz, 29 January 1945, 55th FG
1st Lt. Roy D. Miller, 29 January 1945, 55th FG

28/29 January 1945
602 aircraft – 316 Halifaxes, 258 Lancasters, 28 Mosquitos – of Nos 1, 4, 6 and 8 Groups dispatched to 2 targets in the Stuttgart area. 11 aircraft – 6 Lancasters, 4 Halifaxes, 1 Mosquito – lost. This raid was split into 2 parts, with a 3-hour interval. The first force – 226 aircraft – was directed against the important railway yards at Kornwestheim, a town to the north of Stuttgart, and the second was against the north-western Stuttgart suburb of Zuffenhausen, where the target is believed to have been the Hirth aero-engine factory. The target area was mostly cloud-covered for both raids and the bombing, on skymarkers, was scattered. Bombs fell in many parts of Stuttgart's northern and western suburbs. The important Bosch works, in the suburb of Feuerbach, was hit. A large number of bombs fell outside Stuttgart, particularly in the east around a decoy fire site which was also firing dummy target-indicator rockets into the air. The village of Weilimdorf, situated not far away, complained bitterly about its damage and casualties! This was the last large RAF raid on Stuttgart. Stuttgart's experience was not as severe as other German cities. Its location, spread out in a series of deep valleys, had consistently frustrated the Pathfinders and the shelters dug into the sides of the surrounding hills had saved many lives.

67 Mosquitos to Berlin and 8 to Mainz (a 'spoof' raid for the Stuttgart attacks), 51 RCM sorties, 36 Mosquito patrols, 6 Lancasters of No 1 Group minelaying in the Kattegat. 1 Mosquito of No 100 Group crashed in France.

  Total effort for the night: 770 sorties, 12 aircraft (1.6 per cent) lost.

8 aircraft detailed to attack STUTTGART – ZUFFENHAUSEN. 1 aircraft failed to return, F/L J.H. Freeman and crew. The bombing was fairly well concentrated. Enemy aircraft were active and several combats took place.

156 Squadron Log (January)
Hours Flown: operational 606 hrs 0 mins, non-operational 223 hrs 35 mins. Number of Operational Sorties 113. Tonnage of bombs dropped 429 Tons 168 lbs

29 January 1945 148 Lancasters of No 3 Group attacked the Uerdingen railway yards at Krefeld without loss. Bombing was claimed to be accurate but a short Krefeld report states that bombs fell over a wide area.

RAF Bomber Command sends 148 aircraft to attack Krefeld during the day, 59 aircraft to attack Berlin overnight
British bombers strike Berlin three times during the night.

US 15th Air Force conducts supply drops to Tito’s partisans with 13 bombers
US 12th Air Force operations reduced by poor weather conditions

Seven V-2 rocket launches against uncertain targets. One V-2 rocket launch against Antwerp
12 V-2 rocket launches Batt. 1., 3./485, 1./836, SS 500. Impact:
Bradwell, Essex. Fell on main runway of RAF airfield. No damage.

Malta Admiral King arrives by air from the US via Bermuda and Casablanca


Volcano Islands US 20th Air Force attacks Iwo Jima with 30 B-29 bombers. US 7th Air Force attacks Iwo Jima with 19 B-24 bombers based in Guam
Bonin Islands Japanese vessel No. 10 Takunan Maru damaged by USAAF aircraft off Chichi Jima and subsequently sinks in tow. USAAF B-25 Mitchells damaged the Japanese auxiliary submarine chaser No.10 Takunan Maru off Chichi Jima. The submarine chaser Ch 52 tries to tow the ship to safety, but the No.10 Takunan Maru sank early the next morning.

HMS Thrasher (N 37), commanded by Lt. Commander M.F.R. Ainslie, sank three Japanese sailing vessels with gunfire of the west coast of Siam.

Burma Chinese 38th Infantry Division clearing Japanese pockets along Burma Road near Chinese border
Japanese forces try but fail to drive the Chinese from their positions defending the “Stilwell Road” near Lashio.
British 14th Army attacking Japanese positions at Kabwet
An Allied convoy originally from Ledo, India crossed the Burmese-Chinese border. It was the first convoy across this supply route since Apr 1942.
US 10th Air Force attacks airfields at Aungban and Heho with 27 fighters, Japanese positions around Namhkai with 26 fighters
The last WW2 P-40 fighter victory against a Japanese aircraft was recorded.

USS Bergall attacked a Japanese patrol vessel in the South China Sea; the torpedo missed.
Formosa US FEAF attacks Heito airfield with 18 B-24 bombers
Japanese vessel Clyde Maru sunk by USN submarine Picuda. As an element of U.S. Navy Task Group 17.21 (coordinated attack group), the submarine USS Picuda (SS 382), commanded by Commander Evan T. Shepard, attacked Japanese Convoy MOTA 32 torpedoed and sank the 5,497 ton Japanese transport Clyde Maru approximately 50 nautical miles northwest of Keelung, Formosa.

Operation „Mike VII“: Die Amphibious Group 9 (RAdm. Struble) landet am 29.1. die 38. Inf.-Div. (Maj.Gen. Hall) und das 134. RCT des XI.. Korps (Maj.Gen. Siebert) bei Zambales nördlich der Subic-Bucht. Von 22 Transportern und 35 LST werden an einem Tag rund 30.000 Mann gelandet, Luftunterstützung durch 5. USAAF (Lt.Gen. Kenney). Sicherung 14 Zerstörer (Desron 49) und Geleitzerstörer, 11 Minensucher, 19 YMS. Feuerunterstützung durch Task Group 74.2 (RAdm. Riggs) mit Kreuzer Denver und 2 Zerstörern. Am 29.1. werden das Reparaturschiff Amycus und LSM 135 irrtümlich durch Dauntless-Sturzbomber angegriffen und beschädigt.
USN Task Group 78.3 lands XI Corps (General Hall) of US 6th Army near San Antonio, northwest of Subic Bay, on Luzon Island to join the American offensive. About 30,000 men go ashore on the first day of the landing. Their task is to advance across the neck of the Bataan Peninsula and clear it of Japanese resistance.

XI Corps of US 6th Army captures beachhead around San Antonio on Luzon and advances without opposition
US FEAF aircraft provide direct support for US 6th Army operations and attack Cavite naval base, Cabcaben, Corregidor Island and other targets
USN repair ship ARL-2 Amycus and LSM-135 accidentally damaged by friendly aircraft at Lingayen Gulf
US 5th Air Force HQ moves from Leyte Island to Mindoro Island

East Indies RAAF aircraft attack Celebes Island. Carrier-based aircraft from RN Pacific Fleet with Illustrious, Indomitable, Victorious, and Indefatigable attack oil facilities on Sumatra
Operation Meridian II. RN carrier-based aircraft have inflicted massive damage on Japan’s main source of aviation fuel with bombing raids on Japanese-controlled Palembang oil refineries in Sumatra, in the Dutch East Indies, over the last five days. The loss of the refineries means that crude oil will now have to be shipped to Japan for refining, doubling Japan’s need for tankers.
TF.63 am 29.1. in der Frühe 48 Avenger, 10 Fireflies, 24 Corsairs und 16 Hellcats zum Angriff auf die Ölraffinerien von Soengi-Gerong bei Palembang. Bei Luftgefechten werden 30 japan. Flugzeuge abgeschossen, 38 werden am Boden zerstört. 16 alliierte Flugzeuge kehren nicht zurück, einige der Besatzungen werden aber gerettet. Ein japan. Angriffsversuch mit 12 Bombern gegen die TF.63 wird von der Jäger-Sicherung abgefangen und alle Bomber werden von Jägern oder Flak abgeschossen

USS Charr anchored one mile off the Indochina coast for four hours during daylight while a team was dispatched ashore to rescue a downed airman.
USS Pompon’s conning tower hatch failed during the morning trim dive, causing flooding in the tower, control room, and pump room. She ended her war patrol early.
USS Sea Robin arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her first war patrol.
USS Permit departed Pearl Harbor


Frigate USS Greensboro (PF 101) commissioned.
Aircraft carrier USS Iwo Jima laid down. Submarine USS Pomodon laid down. 
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