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February 5,1945

Monday, 5 February 1945 Montag. 5. Februar

The Atomic Bombs The first batch of plutonium produced at Hanford, Washington arrived at the Los Alamos, New Mexico testing site testing where Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer and other physicists at the lab began tests with it
Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin meet at Yalta
The water was unsafe to drink and the only liquid there was to swallow was the vodka, champagne etc. so we spent the whole time either very definitely muzzy or else parched with thirst! They even brought a lemon tree all the way from Batoum so that there would be lemon for the drinks, but they never thought to provide a simple plug for the basins!

Arctic Ocean Soviet minesweeper T-116 sunk by U-992
Nordmeer Zwischenzeitlich läuft ab 5.2. der sowj. Zubringerkonvoi BK.2 mit 6 Transportern und 1 Tanker von Arkhangelsk nach Murmansk, begleitet von den Zerstörern Uritski, Karl Libknekht, Zhivuchij, Zhestkij, den Wachschiffen Smerch und Groza, 2 Minensuchern und 5 BO- U-Bootjägern.

Ostsee Am 5.2. werden bei sowj. Luftangriffen vor Pillau der dt. Artillerieträger SAT 15 / Polaris und der U-Jäger UJ 307 / KFK 543 versenkt.
Kriegsmarine destroyer Z-25 and two torpedo boats support German 3rd Army around Koenigsberg. Polaris, gun carrier SAT-15, ASW vessel UJ-307 sunk by Soviet aircraft

Red Army approaches Elbing and Marienburg in East Prussia

8th Guards Army of Soviet 1st Byelorussian Front attacking Posen

2nd Ukranian Front renews attacks in Buda

Greek communists agree to disarm and accept amnesty from the government. The Greek Communist Party accepts the Greek government terms for an amnesty. The communists have to surrender their arms. The amnesty comes into force on February 12th.

Der Präsident des kommunistischen polnischen Nationalrats, Boleslaw Bierut, fordert in Warschau die Unterstellung der preußischen Provinzen Schlesien und Ostpreußens unter polnische Verwaltung, sobald das Deutsche Reich kapituliert hat.
Nordsee Am 5.2. laufen acht „Seehunde“ aus, um gegen den Schiffsverkehr auf dem Themse-Schelde-Weg zu operieren. Mindestens vier Boote gehen verloren, mehrere stranden. English Channel Eight Kriegsmarine two-man Seehund submarines sortie

North Sea British vessel Hopewell damaged in accidental collision and scuttled

US 1st Army, led by US 5th Corps, opens attacks toward the Roer aiming to take the Schwammenauel Dam. U.S. First Army’s VII Corps launched an advance out of the area where they had assembled in Belgium and towards the Rur River line.
US 3rd Army attacking along Schnee Eifel
US 7th Army regroups and finds Offendorf undefended
French 1st Army slices Colmar pocket into two separate pieces
US 9th Air Force almost entirely grounded by poor weather conditions

US 5th Army conducts limited attacks around Castelnuovo in the Serchio valley
US 12th Air Force aircraft attack transportation targets
Co-belligerent Italian Friuli Infantry Combat Group enters the line around Imola under command of British 8th Army

Mediterranean Sea USN PT-308 and PT-313 attack German coastal convoy. Motor torpedo boats PT-308 and PT-313, on a routine patrol from Leghorn, Italy, sight two south-bound KT ships and one escort and engage them a half mile northwest of the swept channel off Portovenere, claiming at least one KT ship sunk.

Convoy ON 283 departs Southend for New York City. Convoy MKS 81 departs Gibraltar for Liverpool. Convoy CU 57 departs New York City for Liverpool

(Chronological List of U.S. Ships Sunk or Damaged)
Clio, Tanker (Panama), Damaged by Collision/Fire on Eastcoast
Spring Hill, Tanker, Damaged by Collision/Fire on Eastcoast with 20 death

Henry B Plant (US): Convoy TAM 71: The Liberty ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Strait of Dover by U-245 (Kriegsmarine) with the loss of sixteen of her 70 crew. Survivors were rescued by HMS Hazard and HMS Sir Lancelot. / At 2025, Liberty Ship Henry B. Plant as last ship in the starboard column of Convoy TAM-71 was torpedoed by U-245 about 17 miles east of Ramsgate. The lookouts had spotted the U-boat 300 yards off the starboard side, but it was too late to evade the torpedo which struck at the #4 hold. The explosion ruptured the main deck, severed steam lines, blasted the hatches and beams overboard and probably set off the after magazines. The engines were secured as the vessel rapidly sank, sinking stern first within five minutes. Most of the eight officers, 33 crewmembers, 28 armed guards (the ship was armed with one 5in, one 3in and eight 20mm guns) and one passenger (an Army security officer) had to jump overboard, they only managed to launch one lifeboat and four rafts. The survivors were picked up by HMS Hazard and armed trawler HMS Sir Lancelot and landed in England. One officer, eight crewmembers and seven armed guards drowned.
SAT-15 (Kriegsmarine): The gunboat was bombed and sunk by aircraft off Pillau, East Prussia.

CANADA: Corvette HMCS Brandon arrived St John’s to join EG W-5 WEF.

US 15th Air Force attacks Regensburg, Rosenheim, and Straubing, Salzburg and Villach
US-amerikanische Bomberverbände fliegen mit 589 Maschinen einen Angriff auf Treibstoffwerke in der Nähe von Regensburg.

Mission No. 168 5 February 1945 Target: Straubing, Germany
Colonel Lawhon also led the second mission of the month. The primary target was the Regensburg Winter Harbor Oil Storage, Germany. Over the Alps the formation picked up a solid undercast and flew through four-tenths cirrus approaching the target area. The bombs were dropped by the pathfinder method. The fact that no flak was encountered where the bombs were dropped and also that there was plenty of flak beyond where the bombs were dropped raised the question as to what happened. Back on the ground, it was figured out from the navigators' logs that the formation had been approximately twenty miles east of course, had mistaken a town south of the Danube as the initial point, and actually bombed the briefed initial point, Straubing, Germany, instead of Regensburg which lay straight ahead on course.

238 RAF bombers attacking Bonn
4/5 February 1945
238 aircraft — 202 Halifaxes, 20 Lancasters, 16 Mosquitos — of Nos 4, 6 and 8 Groups to Bonn. 3 Lancasters lost. This was a poor attack, with most of the bombing falling to the south of the target or over the Rhine in the Beuel area.
123 aircraft — 100 Halifaxes, 12 Mosquitos, 11 Lancasters — of 6 and 8 Groups attacked a benzol plant at Osterfeld but caused no fresh damage. No aircraft lost.
120 aircraft — 96 Halifaxes, 12 Lancasters, 12 Mosquitos — of 4 and 8 Groups attacked the Nordstern synthetic-oil plant, Gelsenkirchen. Some minor damage was caused but most of the bombs fell south of the target. No aircraft lost.
50 Mosquitos to Hannover, 12 to Dortmund, 4 to Magdeburg and 3 to Würzburg, 59 RCM sorties, 42 Mosquito patrols, 15 Lancasters and 12 Halifaxes minelaying off Heligoland and in the River Elbe. 2 Mosquitos lost, 1 each from the Hannover and Würzburg raids.
Total effort for the night: 678 sorties, 5 aircraft (0.7 per cent) lost.
5 February 1945 1 Halifax flew an RCM sortie.
<http://www.raf.mod.uk/bombercommand/feb45.html>
RAF Bomber Command sends 63 aircraft to attack Berlin overnight

Nine V-2 rocket launches against Antwerp. Seven V-2 rocket launches against England
16 V-2 rocket launches Batt. 1., 2., 3./485, 1., 3./836. Impact: Chingford. 4 Dead, 45 injured; Hackney. 1 Dead, 22 injured.

The RSHA transported approximately 1,200 Jews from Theresienstadt Concentration Camp in occupied Czechoslovakia to Switzerland.

U-2362 was commissioned. Her first commander was Oberleutnant zur See Martin Czekowski.
U-2363 ». » Oberleutnant zur See Karl Frahm.
U-3029 » . » Kapitänleutnant Hermann Lamby.

HF: Glorious, fine, sunny afternoon, with a balmy breeze. Cycled back by Paradise Farm to the main Lynn Road, and so back to her house where she gave me tea. While we were having it, at 6pm, there was suddenly a tremendous flash and heavy explosion, but whether a rocket or thunder could not say. Late tonight there was another big explosion, at 1.15am, when a flight of ‘planes was passing over. May have been a crash somewhere. Sound travels great distances over the flat Fens.

Volcano Islands US 7th Air Force attacks Iwo Jima with 21 B-24 bombers

Kobi Naval Air Group was transferred to Takao Guard District in southern Taiwan.

China Hunan-Kwangtung-Kiangsi operations: 40th Infantry Division of Japanese 20th Army occupies Tayu
US 14th Air Force attacks Pinghan, Hsiangcheng, and Lohochai with 14 fighters

The first Allied supply convoy from Ledo, India to successfully cross the Burmese-Chinese border on 29 Jan 1945 arrived in Kunming Airfield, Yunnan Province, China.

Burma British 14th Army begins advancing toward Pakokku on the Irrawaddy River
US 10th Air Force provides support for ground operations around Molo, Hosi, and Myitson with 35 fighters, attacks Japanese positions, supply dumps, and other targets around Mong Long, Kan-loi, Namyang, Man-Peng, Pangmakhe leng, Kwangteng, Mong Pa, and Mansam with 68 fighters
India Japanese aircraft attack airfield near Cox's Bazaar

US 6th Army pushing into Manila where Japanese demolitions cause major fires. 11th Airborne Division of US 8th Army pushing northward toward Manila. The US 11th Corps has completed its attack across the Bataan Peninsula.
Manila On 5 February, the 37th Infantry Division began to move into Manila, and Griswold divided the northern section of the city into two sectors, with the 37th responsible for advancing to the south, while the 1st Cavalry Division responsible for an envelopment to the east
On February 4, 1944 the Japanese negotiated with the Americans to allow them to rejoin Japanese troops to the south of the city. The Americans allowed this to save the hostages, allowing the Japanese to only carry their rifles, pistols and swords. On the morning of February 5, 1944 47 Japanese were escorted out of the university to the spot they requested. Each group saluted each other and departed. The Japanese were unaware the area they requested was near the American occupied Malacanang, and soon afterwards were fired upon and several killed including Hayashi. Later in the afternoon, some of the same group returned to Santo Thomas were captured as prisoners.

US FEAF attacks Corregidor Island with 60 B-24 bombers, attack Japanese shipping off eastern Luzon

The Japanese carrier-battleship Ise, is damaged by a mine off Indochina.
East Indies US FEAF aircraft attack airfields on Borneo

USS Hawkbill departed Fremantle, Australia for her third war patrol.
USS Marcus Island arrived at Ulithi, Caroline Islands.
Submarine I-369 arrived at Yokosuka, Japan.
Coast Defense Vessel No.6 is damaged by marine casualty; and minesweeper W.29 is damaged by mine off Chichi Jima.
Bearss (DD-654) suffers minor damage from ammunition hangfire while on exercises in the Aleutians.
The escort carrier USS Gilbert Islands (CVE 107) was commissioned. Her first commander was Captain L. R. Rice.

War Office agrees to Mountbatten’s proposal to disband all remaining Long Range Penetration units


Vice Admiral Shigeru Fukudome was named the commanding officer of the Japanese 10th Area Fleet while still holding command of the 1st Southern Expeditionary Fleet; Rear Admiral Bunji Asakura was named his chief of staff. On the same day, the Japanese Navy 13th Air Fleet was transferred from the Southwest Area Fleet to become part of the 10th Area Fleet; it brought in the strength of two air flotillas and seven air groups.
Tags: conspiralogy, crime, crony capitalism, history, nato, navy, political economy, realpolitik, russian question, war economy, былое и думы, гейжопа, мелкобританцы, пиндюшка
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