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  18 апреля 1453 г. турки начали штурм стены, которая находилась над Ликосом. После захода солнца они бросились на укрепления, стараясь поджечь возведённые ромеями деревянные укрепления и растащить бочки с землёй. Отряды Джустиниани Лонго смогли отбить атаку, причём будто даже без потерь.

  Le 18 avril 1506, le pape Jules II, issu de la famille des Médicis, pose la première pierre de la future basilique de Saint-Pierre de Rome.

  Roxelane 1500 (Ruthénie) – 18 avril 1558 à Istamboul

1674 – died John Graunt, English demographer and statistician (b. 1620)
1689 – Bostonians rise up in rebellion against Sir Edmund Andros.

1738 – Real Academia de la Historia (“Royal Academy of History”) is founded in Madrid.
“Let us not despair; it is a blessed cause, and success, ere long, will crown our exertions. Already we have gained one victory; we have obtained, for these poor creatures, the recognition of their human nature, which, for a while was most shamefully denied. This is the first fruits of our efforts; let us persevere and our triumph will be complete. Never, never will we desist till we have wiped away this scandal from the Christian name, released ourselves from the load of guilt, under which we at present labour, and extinguished every trace of this bloody traffic, of which our posterity, looking back to the history of these enlightened times, will scarce believe that it has been suffered to exist so long a disgrace and dishonour to this country.”
William Wilberforce, speech before the House of Commons, 18 April 1791

Interrupted by a general election in June 1790, the committee finally finished hearing witnesses, and in April 1791 with a closely reasoned four-hour speech, Wilberforce introduced the first parliamentary bill to abolish the slave trade. However, after two evenings of debate, the bill was easily defeated by 163 votes to 88, the political climate having swung in a conservative direction in the wake of the French Revolution, and in reaction to an increase in radicalism and to slave revolts in the French West Indies.

  Ива́н Ива́нович Лепёхин (10 [21] сентября 1740, Санкт-Петербург — 6 [18] апреля 1802, там же) — русский учёный-энциклопедист, путешественник, естествоиспытатель, лексикограф, академик Петербургской академии наук (1771).

1831 – The University of Alabama is founded.
Royal E. House. Improvement in magnetic printing-telegraphs: Recording and printing the Morse code in alphabetic written form, US4464
there is a picture from Wikipedia which shows a similar device from 60 years later which consists of basically the same components.
1848 – American victory at the battle of Cerro Gordo opens the way for invasion of Mexico.
Карл Ива́нович Ро́сси (Carlo di Giovanni Rossi; 18 (29) декабря 17756 (18) апреля 1849 (73 года)) — архитектор, сочинитель многих зданий и архитектурных ансамблей в Санкт-Петербурге и его окрестностях.

  Нелюбин, Александр Петрович проф. СПб. мед.-хир. акад., изв. фармаколог, р. 26 авг. 1785 г., † 6 апр. 1858 г.
1864 – Battle of Dybbøl: A Prussian-Austrian army defeats Denmark and gains control of Schleswig. Denmark surrenders the province in the following peace settlement.

1873 – died Justus von Liebig, German chemist (b. 1803)Missouri is hit by a string of deadly tornadoes on this day in 1880. Statewide, 151 people were killed by the twisters, including 99 in the town of Marshfield. The first tornado struck at about 4:30 p.m. in Springfield, Missouri

Als das Naturhistorische Museum (Natural History Museum) am 18. April 1881, dem Ostermontag, eröffnet wurde, war es ein Teil des Britischen Museums und trug offiziell die Bezeichnung British Museum (Natural History).

1897 – The Greco-Turkish War is declared between Greece and the Ottoman Empire.
1899 – The St. Andrew’s Ambulance Association is granted a Royal Charter by Queen Victoria.

1902 – Quetzaltenango, the second largest city of Guatemala, is destroyed by an earthquake.

  Le 18 avril 1904, le leader socialiste Jean Jaurès fonde son propre journal, L’Humanité, et s’attire rapidement un grand succès grâce à ses talents journalistiques.
At 5:13 a.m., an earthquake estimated at close to 8.0 on the Richter scale strikes San Francisco, California, killing hundreds of people as it topples numerous buildings. The quake was caused by a slip of the San Andreas Fault over a segment about 275 miles long, and shock waves could be felt from southern Oregon down to Los Angeles.
San Francisco’s brick buildings and wooden Victorian structures were especially devastated. Fires immediately broke out and–because broken water mains prevented firefighters from stopping them–firestorms soon developed citywide.

  Война с огнём продолжится не менее как до 23-го.
  Le 18 avril 1906, la ville de San Francisco, en Californie centrale, est détruite par un tremblement de terre. Plusieurs secousses de magnitude 8,5 sur l’échelle de Richter soulèvent le sol à plusieurs reprises.
1909 – Joan of Arc is beatified in Rome.
1912 The new Ottoman Parliament opens.
1916 Russian forces capture Trabzon
  1927 начал работу IV Всесоюзный съезд Советов.
  Приказом НКПрос № 234 от 18 апреля 1930 г. за подписью НКП РСФСР А.С. Бубнова в соответствии с постановлением правительства Союза ССР 2-й Московский государственный университет был реорганизован.
1934, the first laundromat (called a “Washateria”) was opened by John F. Cantrell in Fort Worth, Texas; four electric washing machines were rented to members of the public on an hourly basis.
 Подписана директива, предписывающая всем советским резидентурам в Европе всемерно активизировать работу агентурной сети и линий связи, приведя их в соответствие с условиями военного времени.
Посол Великобритании в СССР Криппс вручил Советскому правительству меморандум, заявлявший, что поражение Великобритании повлечёт нападение Германии на СССР, причём, возможно, в союзе с Англией и некоторыми кругами в США.
Самоубийство греческого премьер-министра Козириса. Новым стал Цудерос.
Террористы Yankee
1942, 16 American B-25 bombers, launched from the aircraft carrier USS Hornet 650 miles east of Japan and commanded by Lieutenant Colonel James H. Doolittle, attack the Japanese mainland.
1943 убили Ямамото / Yamamoto. Operation Vengeance

  1943 Постановлением СНК СССР военная контрразведка (УОО) передана в Наркомат обороны и Наркомат военно-морского флота СССР, где создаются Главное управление контрразведки (ГУКР) “Смерш” НКО СССР и Управление контрразведки (УКР) “Смерш” НК ВМФ.

  1944 Ил-10, лётчик-испытатель В.К. Коккинаки.
Учреждение ещё одной террористической дубинки
1946 – The International Court of “Justice” holds its inaugural meeting in The Hague
1949 – The keel for the aircraft carrier USS United States is laid down at Newport News Drydock and Shipbuilding. However, construction is canceled five days later, resulting in the Revolt of the Admirals.

The Treaty of Paris (formally the Treaty establishing the European Coal and Steel Community) was signed on 18 April 1951 between France, West Germany, Italy and the three Benelux countries (Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands).

The first production example Vickers Viscount V.700, G-ALWE, flew in August 1952. Deliveries began in January 1953, and a CofA for the type was granted on April 17. The following day, a scheduled service from London to Nicosia, via Rome and Athens, was inaugurated. The BEA aircraft were initially fitted with the 1,400SHP RDa3 Mk505 that were gradually upgraded to the Mk506 standard which improved the aerodynamic flow through the compressor and turbine, reducing fuel consumption.
1954 – Gamal Abdal Nasser seizes power in Egypt.

 Une conférence réunit la plupart des États pauvres d’Asie et d’Afrique, du 18 au 24 avril 1955, à Bandoeng (ou Bandoung), sur l’île de Java.
1961 – The Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations is adopted.
Guillermo González Camarena (February 17, 1917 – April 18, 1965), was a Mexican electrical engineer who was the inventor of a color-wheel type of color television, and who also introduced color television to Mexico.

1974 – The Prime Minister of Pakistan Zulfikar Ali Bhutto inaugurates Lahore’s dry port.
1974, Italian prosecutor Mario Sossi is kidnapped by the Red Brigades.

Васи́лий Гаври́лович Гра́бин (28 декабря 1899 [9 января 1900], станица Старонижестеблиевская Кубанскойобласти – 18 апреля 1980, г. Калининград Моск. обл.)
1983 The U.S. embassy in Beirut, Lebanon, is almost completely destroyed by a car-bomb explosion.
1986 – died Marcel Dassault, French businessman, founded Dassault Aviation (b. 1892)
Террористы Yankee
1988 – The United States launches Operation Praying Mantis against Iranian naval forces in the largest naval battle since World War II.
  1992 духи вошли в Кабул.
 Ро́за Ива́новна Макаго́нова (28 октября 1927, Самара — 18 апреля 1995, Москва)

Edgar Frank “Ted” Codd (19 August 1923 – 18 April 2003) was an English computer scientist who, while working for IBM, invented the relational model for database management, the theoretical basis for relational databases.

  Ви́ктор Ива́нович Ко́ршунов (24 ноября 1929 г., г. Москва – 18 апреля 2015 г., г. Москва).  Народный артист СССР (1984).
Tags: crime, crony capitalism, economics, history, nato, natural economy, navy, political economy, transport, war economy, былое и думы, пиндюшка, против человечества

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