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1453 артиллеристы турок бомбили городские стены, и одна из башен (Виктиниева) возле р. Ликос рухнула, внешняя стена перед ней также лежала в развалинах. Вероятно, если бы был отдан приказ о штурме, то положение ромеев стало бы незавидным, но приказа не последовало, т.к. султан Мехмед выехал на северный берег Золотого Рога.

1615 – The Wignacourt Aqueduct is inaugurated in Malta.

1836 – The Battle of San Jacinto: Republic of Texas forces under Sam Houston defeat troops under Mexican General Antonio López de Santa Anna.

1856 – Australian labour movement: Stonemasons and building workers on building sites around Melbourne march from the University of Melbourne to Parliament House to achieve an Eight-hour day. Their direct action protest was a success, and they are noted as being among the first organised workers in the world to achieve an 8 hour day, with no loss of pay.

1863, Union Colonel Abel Streight begins a raid into northern Alabama and Georgia with the goal of cutting the Western and Atlantic Railroad between Chattanooga, Tennessee and Atlanta. The raid ended when Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest captured Streight’s entire command near Rome, Georgia.

1894 – Norway formally adopts the Krag-Jørgensen bolt-action rifle as the main arm of its armed forces, a weapon that would remain in service for almost 50 years.

1895, Woodville Latham and his sons, Otway and Gray, demonstrate their “Panopticon,” the first movie projector developed in the United States.

1898 – Spanish–American War: The United States Navy begins a blockade of Cuban ports. When the U.S. Congress issued a declaration of war on April 25, it declared that a state of war had existed from this date.

 5–8 апреля 1905 Городская дума разрешила И.К. Платонову провести телефонную линию от его дома на Пушкинской улице до мукомольной мельницы в Зудилово. Летопись г. Барнаула. Барнаул. 1994. С. 112.

1910 – Mark Twain died.

1914 – Ypiranga incident: A German arms shipment to Mexico is intercepted by the U.S. Navy.


1918 – German fighter ace Manfred von Richthofen, better known as “The Red Baron”, is killed and shot down at Morlancourt Ridge, nearVaux-sur-Somme.

Flying his Fokker DR.I Dreidecker, serial number 425/17, von Richthofen was in pursuit of a Sopwith Camel flown by Lieutenant Wilfred May, RAF, when he was attacked by a second Sopwith Camel piloted by Captain Arthur Roy Brown. The Red Baron was wounded in the chest and made a landing near Vaux-sur-Somme, France. He was still alive when he was reached by Australian infantry, but died almost immediately. He was buried with full military honors by No. 3 Squadron, Australian Flying Corps.


1925 — Чувашская автономная область стала Чувашской АССР.



15–21 April 1928: Carl Benjamin (“Ben”) Eielson and George Hubert Wilkins, MC and Bar, flew from Point Barrow on the northern coast of Alaska across the Arctic Ocean to Spitsbergen, Svalbard, Norway. The distance was approximately 2,200 miles ( 3,540 kilometers). The crossing took approximately 20 hours, and was the first Arctic crossing by air. Their airplane was a Lockheed Vega, civil registration NX3903.


 Здание универмага — один из шедевров социалистического конструктивизма. Кировский универмаг — олицетворение I-ой 5-летки г. Ленинграда.


  В эти годы неузнаваемо изменился и Московско-Нарвский район Ленинграда: реконструкция крупнейших предприятий, производство тракторов на Путиловском заводе, работа комбината „Красный треугольник“, строительство Дома Советов, Дворца культуры…

 В Ленинграде строят ряд фабрик-кухонь: Выборгская, Невская, Василеостровская и Московско-Нарвская.

 Последняя построена по проекту арх. А.К. Барутчева, И.А. Гильтера, И.А. Меерзона и Я.О. Рубанчика в центре Московско-Нарвской заставы, у Нарвских ворот, принята в эксплуатацию в 1929 г. 21-го апреля 1931 г. в здании был открыт Московско-Нарвский универмаг, входящий в Моснарврабкооп системы ЛСПО. Потребительская кооперация была очень мощной и сильной.

Московско-Нарвский универмаг был скромным магазином, он занимал 2 этажа здания.


1932 — первый приказ флагмана Морских сил Дальнего Востока, состоящих пока из судов гражданского торгового и рыболовного флота.


 Ива́н Миха́йлович Гу́бкин (9 (21) сентября 1871, село Поздняково, Муромский уезд, Владимирская губерния — 21 апреля 1939, Москва)



  1936–1939 на месте снесённой Церкви св. Екатерины в Екатерингофе архитектора К.А. Тона построен первый в стране трёхзальный к/т «Москва» на 1200 мест (проф. арх. Лазарь Маркович Хидекель).


1941 – Emmanouil Tsouderos becomes the 132nd Prime Minister of Greece.

Sir Alan Roy Fersht, FRS, FMedSci (born 21 April 1943) is a chemist at the Laboratory of Molecular Biology and an Emeritus Professor at the University of Cambridge. He is distinguished for his pioneering work on protein folding.

Женщины Франции стали полноправными участниками выборов 21 апреля 1944 года по постановлению Французского временного правительства.

1946 – John Maynard Keynes died.


1953, Roy Cohn and David Schine, two of Senator Joseph McCarthy’s chief aides, return to the United States after a controversial investigation of United States Information Service (USIS) posts in Europe. Upon their recommendation, thousands of books were removed from USIS libraries in several Western European countries.

The irony of the situation did not escape commentators of the time. With the Nazi book burnings still fresh in the collective memory, many felt it was questionable that America had joined the ranks of nations that censored literature. In the fight against communism, even Moby Dick was dispensable.


1954СССР стал членом UNESCO

1955 — «Северный полюс-5»

1960 – Brasília, Brazil’s capital, is officially inaugurated. At 09:30, the Three Powers of the Republic are simultaneously transferred from the old capital, Rio de Janeiro.


Dans la nuit du 21 au 22 avril 1961, quatre généraux français tentent de soulever les militaires stationnés en Algérie et les Pieds-noirs dans un effort désespéré pour maintenir l’Algérie à l’intérieur de la République française. C’est le putsch d’Alger. Il va piteusement échouer en quatre jours.


1964 – A Transit-5bn satellite fails to reach orbit after launch; as it re-enters the atmosphere, 2.1 pounds (0.95 kg) of radioactive plutonium in its SNAP RTG power source is widely dispersed.

Sir Edward Victor Appleton, GBE, KCB, FRS (6 September 1892 – 21 April 1965) was an physicist. He won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1947 for his seminal work proving the existence of the ionosphere during experiments carried out in 1924.

1967 – Greek military junta of 1967–74: A few days before the general election in Greece, Colonel George Papadopoulos leads a coup d’état, establishing a military regime that lasts for seven years.

1967, General Motors (GM) celebrates the manufacture of its 100 millionth American-made car.

1970 – The Hutt River Province Principality secedes from Australia.

1989 – Tiananmen Square pussy riot.

Tags: employment, history, navy, political economy, transport, war economy, былое и думы

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