Samstag. 27. Februar 1915 Saturday, February 27, 1915
Im vom Reichsschatzamt vorgelegten
Etat für 1915 sind 10 Mrd. Mark an Kriegsausgaben vorgesehen.
Im Deutschen Reich beginnt die bis zum 19. März dauernde Zeichnungsfrist für die zweite Kriegsanleihe. / Germany
: 2nd War Loan.
THE FOOD SUPPLY OF GERMANY
. Spectator 27 FEBRUARY 1915, Page 6
IN an extremely interesting paper read before the Royal Society of Arts on Wednesday, Professor W. J. Ashley expressed the opinion that the German authorities had based their belief in the adequacy of their food supplies on a miscalculation. As he said, no statistics are more vague in all countries than agricultural returns. Pedants will not concede to them the dignified name of statistics at all. The yield of a harvest is arrived at usually by deduction and not by enumeration. This being so, it is quite possible that the German officials made a mistake. They knew that a margin of imports was required over and above the normal annual yield of food- stuffs in the country ; but this margin had been growing year by year, while they kept no exact analysis of it. When war broke out there was ample food its the country ; but when the seas were swept clean of German ships, and food in neutral ships intended for the troops was stopped as contraband, the officials suddenly recognized that the margin of imports had borne a higher ratio to the general consumption than they bad imagined. At the end of some weeks it became obvious that the German people were, so to speak. eating into their capital of food. It became necessary to invent various devices for econo- mizing. So far these have evidently not been successful. And no wonder. For it is part of the policy of the German Government to tell the people that all goes well ; that the North Sea no longer carries a trace of the British merchant flag; that the Russians are beaten, and that a large part of their crops will be at the disposal of Germany by next harvest; and so forth. The German authorities are trying to have it both ways. They are urging thrift on the people, and in effect telling them that there is no need for thrift. There is therefore sure to be a disillusionment sooner or later. This disillusionment may be of no great consequence if Germany, with the aid of more economic expedients, manages to rub along on what she herself produces, but it will be great and disastrous if the imported margin should prove to have been so large that the whole German people have to go on very short commons. Another point is perhaps worth mentioning. When the manhood of a nation is engaged in military labour, which exacts a high expenditure of muscular tissue, more food is eaten than in ordinary times. Moreover, families are split up by the requirements of war, and the customary wastage of food in the household unit is aggravated by being repeated in a number of new units. What the effect will be we ought to know by next harvest. If Germany should turn out to be a self-supporting country as regards foodstuffs, then the economic pressure which our Navy exerts will be chiefly an industrial pressure. That in the long run would bring Germany to her knees, but the process would be much slower. It is an absorbing subject of speculation, and it is only fair to Professor Ashley’s paper that we should try to summarize its contents.
(British Executive Staff of the Commission Internationale de Ravitaillement
) comments on Russian secrecy and lack of co-ordination in making orders.
*( Collapse )Konstantinopel, 27. Februar. Das türkische Hauptquartier teilt mit
Durch eine siebenstündige Beschießung mit schweren Geschützen haben die feindlichen Schiffe gestern unsere äußeren Forts an den Dardanellen an einigen Punkten beschädigt, trotzdem hatten wir nur einen Verlust von 5 Toten und 14 Verwundeten. Auch heute hat die feindliche Flotte die Beschießung fortgesetzt, sich aber am Nachmittag aus dem Feuerbereich unserer Batterien bei Sed-ül-Bahr
zurückgehen. Am 10. Februar
hat ein französischer Kreuzer an der Küste von Akaba etwa 100 Soldaten ausgeschifft; nach einem zweistündigen Gefecht flüchtete der Feind unter Verlusten auf das Schiff zurück. Trotz der Heftigkeit seines Geschütz- und Maschinengewehrfeuers hatten wir nur 3 Tote und 3 Verwundete.East Africa
: Admiralty formally declare blockade.