“Today there’s nothing surprising about the fact that several social phenomena fit gaussian statistics…”
Пацстол перестал принюхиваться и начал вилять хвостом…
“[Auguste] Comte called for a “social physics” that would complete the project Newton had begun.
If that was so, where did the laws of economics come from? Evidently they stemmed from the innumerable actions of individual traders, dealers, and investors in the marketplace.”
Пацстол дружелюбно придвинул миску с водой…
“[Josiah Willard] Gibbs’ student and protégé Edwin Bidwell Wilson became the mentor of economist Paul Samuelson, whose doctoral dissertation became the basis for his aptly named 1947 book Foundations of Economic Analysis. Here Samuelson used statistical arguments like those of Gibbs to more or less construct from scratch the discipline of microeconomics, which explained how individual actions of agents lead to gross economic movements.”
Видя, что вода не помогает, Пацстол предложил сгонять за пивом. Правда, деньги, пёс этакий, взял
“But the statistics of fluctuations in the economy never really look like the random white noise of an equilibrium state.”
Какая ниажиданасть для мраксюток!
Да не одна!
“…Platonic world of order, stasis, knowableness, and perfection…” заместо такой слюнобрызжущей ди-а-лехтикё!
А вот и приплыл Cap[tain Obvious]:
“…price fluctuations are best explained not as the aggregate of many random, independent decisions, ruffled by external shocks to the system—the standard model—but as largely the outcome of the internal, ever-active dynamics of the market, in which feedback makes decisions inter-dependent. Big fluctuations such as over-valuations and crashes seem to come from herding effects: Everyone does what they see others doing.”
…Lars Onsager… Ilya Prigogine… Christopher Jarzynski and Gavin Crooks…
И усё возвращаицо на круги не своя…
“And in 1971 an Australian scientist named L. F. Henderson said that the microscopic gas models of Maxwell and Boltzmann were a pretty good basis for understanding crowd behavior.”
“Physics-based traffic models, in which vehicles are assumed to avoid collisions as if there were some repulsive force acting between them, show much of the complex behavior seen in real traffic, including “stop-and-go” waves of congestion.
Another rather well developed area of this social physics is the analysis of voting and opinion formation.”
Усё, Cap приплыл.